medical terminology introduction n.
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Medical terminology introduction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Medical terminology introduction

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  1. Medical terminologyintroduction

  2. Root words: • Basic meaning of the word: often contain the body part • Suffixes: usually indicate the procedure, condition, disorder, or disease • Prefix: usually indicates the location, time, number or status

  3. Which of the following contains the basic meaning of the word and often contains the body part? • A) prefix • B) suffix • C) root word • D) none of the above

  4. Which of the following contains the procedure, condition, disorder or disease? • A) prefix • B) suffix • C) root word • D) all of the above

  5. Which of the following usually indicates the location, time, number or status? • A)prefix • B) suffix • C) root word

  6. Combining vowels • Combining vowels are used when the suffix begins with a consonant • Example: abdominocentesis • Root word abdomin= abdomen • Suffix centesis means the surgical removal of fluid • Combining vowel is added =0

  7. Combining vowels • Prefixes= no vowels • Abduction • Ab means away from(prefix) • duct means to lead or carry(root) • Ion means process state or condition(suffix) • Abduction means to move away from

  8. A combining vowel is always used when combining 2 root words • Gastroenteritis • Gastr means stomach • Enter means small intestines • Itis means inflammation

  9. The prefix does not need a combining vowel.

  10. Which of the following needs a combining vowel? • A) prefix • B) suffixes that start with vowels • C)combining 2 root words • D)combining a prefix and root word

  11. Breaking down the word • Start with the suffix to determine what is happening to the word. • Is it inflamed such as itis? • Is it surgically removed such as ectomy? • Is it a study such as ology?

  12. Now look at the root word • Biology • Bio means life which is the root word • Ology means study of which is the suffix

  13. Prefix is looked at last • Prenatal • Pre is the prefix (before) • Natal is the root word (birth) • Al is the suffix (pertaining) • Prenatal means pertaining to the time before birth

  14. When breaking down a word which do you look at first? • A) prefix • B)root word • C) suffix • D) who cares?

  15. pronunciation • If it sound like F it may start with f such as flatus or fart • It may start with ph such as phlegm

  16. Sound like J • May start with j such as jaundice • May start with g such as gingivitis

  17. Sounds like K • It might start with k such as kyphosis • C such as crepitus • Ch such as cholera • Qu such as quadriplegia

  18. Sounds like s • May start with s such as serology • May start with c such as cytology • May start with ps such as psychologist

  19. Sounds like z • May start with z such as zygote • May start with x such as xeroderma

  20. If it sounds like it starts with F it might really start with? • A) F • B) ph • C) s • D) a and b

  21. If it sounds like s it might start with: • A) s • B)c • C) ps • D) all of the above

  22. Spelling is important • Arteri/0 means artery • ather/0 means plaque or fatty substance • Arthr/o means joint

  23. Ileum is part of the small intestines • Ilium is part of the hip

  24. Ileum means which of the following? • A) small intestine • B) large intestine • C) part of the hip bone • D) part of the humerus