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Welcome ….. Before We Start. Handout: Changing Roles - Fill in Post It Notes “Question Lot” your name, email, Q, topic, expertise -What question do you want to ask? -What expertise do you have and can share?. Transition to Adulthood: Preparing for the Difference for CYSHCN.

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    1. Welcome ….. Before We Start • Handout: Changing Roles • - Fill in • Post It Notes “Question Lot” • your name, email, Q, topic, expertise • -What question do you want to ask? • -What expertise do you have and can share?

    2. Transition to Adulthood: Preparing for the Difference for CYSHCN hrtw national resource center Patti Hackett, MEd Co-Director -- Bangor, ME Mallory H. Cyr Youth Coordinator -- Sabattus, ME Maine Parent Federation Conference Rockport, ME November 3, 2007

    3. During the next 90 min. we will ..... • Affirm beliefs • Ah Ha Moments! • Make You Squirm • Tools to Use • Choose to Disagree You are advocates with skills Your skills are for certain time frames Now is the time to learn the next set of skills

    4. Expectations & Who We Are • About YOU: • Families?? Others?? • What Qs do you want answered today? • Experts in the room? What topics? • About Mal • About Patti • Special Thanks – Bev Baker • MPF, Family Voices and F2F

    5. Your Skills, Your Knowledge - Get to Grow • After the Diagnosis (Dx) • Support & Connections • Learning to Take Advice (again) • You are smarter, wiser, know more folks • and have new info one click away! • Time is RIGHT for next layer of skills

    6. Do you have “ICE” in your cell phone contact list? To Program………. • Create new contact • Space or Underscore ____ • (this bumps listing to the top) • Type “ICE – 01” • – ADD Name of Person • - include all ph #s • - Note your allergies • You can have up to 3 ICE contacts (per EMS)

    7. Growing Up Ready to LIVE! Health & Wellness + Humor

    8. What would you do, if you thought you could not fail?

    9. Just the Facts about HRTW CYSHCN vs. Disabled Data Time & Skills Twixters Preparing for the Difference Insurance Celebrate the Paperwork

    10. HRTW TEAM HRSA/MCHB Project Officer Elizabeth McGuire Title V Leadership Toni Wall, MPA Kathy Blomquist, RN, PhD Theresa Glore, MS Medical Home & Transition Richard Antonelli, MD, MS, FAAP Patience H. White, MD, MA, FAAP Betty Presler, ARNP, PhD Family, Youth & Cultural Competence Mallory Cyr Ceci Shapland, MSN Trish Thomas Interagency Partnerships Debbie Gilmer, MEd Federal Policy Patti Hackett, MEd Tom Gloss

    11. Health Impacts All Aspects of Life Success in the classroom, within the community, and on the job requires that young people are healthy. To stay healthy, young people need an understanding of their health and to participate in their health care decisions.

    12. Who are CYSHCN ? “Childrenand YOUTH* with special health care needs are those who have or are at increased risk for a chronic physical, developmental, behavioral, or emotional condition and who also require health and related services of a type or amount beyond that required by children generally.”* HRTW initiative has added YOUTH to CSHCN/CYSHCN since 1996. Source: McPherson, M., et al. (1998). A New Definition of Children with Special Health Care Needs. Pediatrics. 102(1);137-139.http://www.pediatrics.org/search.dtl

    13. Disabled?? Special Health Care Needs? HEALTH SERVICES - Children & Youth with Special Health Care Needs (CYSHCN) - Genetic - Chronic Health Issues - Acquired EDUCATION SERVICES - Youth with Disability - Youth with Health Impairment ADA & 504 - Disability and/or Health Impairment

    14. Handicap:A disadvantage for a given individual, resulting from an impairment or disability, that limits or prevents the fulfillment of a role that is normal, depending on age, sex, social and cultural factors, for that individual. “Hand in Cap”

    15. DISABILITY: Historical and Social 4 different models of disability: • Moral Model • Medical • Rehabilitation • Disability

    16. DISABILITY: Historical and Social • A moral model of disability which regards disability as the result of sin

    17. DISABILITY: Historical and Social • A medical model ……… disability as a defect or sickness which must be cured through medical intervention

    18. DISABILITY: Historical and Social • A rehabilitation model, an offshoot of the medical model, ………….. disability a deficiency that must be fixed by a rehabilitation professional or other helping professional.

    19. DISABILITY: Historical and Social The disability model……………… dominating attitude by professionals and others • Inadequate support services • Attitudinal prejudice: architectural, sensory, cognitive, and economic barriers • Overlook the large variations within the disability community

    20. Disability is…… a natural part of the human experience and in no way diminishes the right of individuals to participate in or contribute to society.

    21. The Reality: Disability is a Part of Life • YOU will be disabled - experience some form of disability, either permanent or temporary (AB, TAB) • HOW DISABLED – Depends on environmental design and systems • LESS DISABLED - Matter of leveling the field (barriers)

    22. What the Data Tells Us

    23. Youth are Talking: Health Concerns Main concerns for health: • What to do in an emergency • How to get health insurance • Learn how to stay healthy • What could happen if condition gets worse • SOURCE: Joint survey: Minnesota Title V CSHCN Program and the PACER Center, 1995 • Survey - 1300 YOUTH with SHCN / disabilities • - AND - • National Youth Leadership Network Survey 2001, • 300 youth leaders disabilities

    24. Internal Medicine Nephrologists (n=35) Maria Ferris, MD, PhD, MPH, UNC Kidney Center

    25. Health Care Transition Takes Time & Skills

    26. Supporting Success: It Take ALL of US!

    27. CORE National Performance Measures 1. Screening 2. Family 3. Medical Home 4. Health Insurance 5. Community Services 6. Transition SOURCE: BLOCK GRANT GUIDANCE New Performance Measures See p.43 ftp://ftp.hrsa.gov/mchb/blockgrant/bgguideforms.pdf

    28. Title V Block Grant: National Performance Measure #6 Transition to Adulthood Youth with special health care needs will receive the services necessary to make transitions to all aspects of adult life, including adult health care, work, and independence. (2002)

    29. What is Health Care Transition? Transition is the deliberate, coordinated provision of developmentally appropriate and culturally competent health assessments, counseling, and referrals. Components of successful transition • Self-Determination • Person Centered Planning • Prep for Adult health care • Work /Independence • Inclusion in community life • Start Early

    30. New World: New Lingo 1. Moving Up from Powerless 2. Transferring Skills Doc/RNparent family & friends Family  child/youth Youth  friends 3. Strengthening Families - Support (Family to Family) - Mentor (Life Coach) - Counseling (Getting thru the hard patch) - Financial Planning

    31. Families: Prepare for Changing Roles • Temporary spokesperson on • behalf of minor child • (until age 18, or declared by the court) • - 2 voices to be heard: families and CY • Review responses to • Handout: Changing Roles

    32. ASSENT to CONSENT Eastern Maine Medical Center A parent or guardian is generally required to sign for a patient under the age of 18. Patients aged 14-17 should also sign. See IDD 20.041. If an adult is unable to make or communicate medical decisions, then the following may sign in the priority given: agent under healthcare power of attorney, guardian, spouse, domestic partner, next-of-kin. See IDD 20.060 Indicate capacity of representative.

    33. If Transition Preparation or Planning does NOT occur what happens?

    34. Outcome Realities for YSHCN • Nearly 40% cannot identify a primary care physician • 20% consider their pediatric specialist to be their “regular” physician • Primary health concerns are not being met • Fewer work opportunities, lower high school grad rates and high drop out from college • YSHCN are 3 X more likely to live on income < $15,000 • SOURCES: CHOICES Survey, 2000 and NCD Lou Harris Poll, 2000

    35. Time Jan 2004

    36. Societal Context for Youth without Diagnoses in Transition • Parents are more involved - dependency “Helicopter Parents” • Twixters = 18-29 • - live with their parents / not independent • - cultural shift in Western households - when • members of the nuclear family become adults, • are expected to become independent • How they describe themselves (ages 18-29) • 61% an adult • 29% entering adulthood • 10% not there yet • (Time Poll, 2004)

    37. Health Care Transition Preparing for the Difference

    38. “The physician’s prime responsibility is the medical management of the young person’s disease, but the outcome of this medical intervention is irrelevant unless the young person acquires the required skills to manage the disease and his/her life.” SOURCE: Ansell BM & Chamberlain MA. Clinical Rheum. 1998; 12:363-374 Health & Wellness: Being Informed

    39. Prepare for the Realities of Health Care Services Difference in System Practices • Pediatric Services: Family Driven • Adult Services: Consumer Driven The youth and family find themselves between two medical worlds …….that often do not communicate….

    40. Shared Decision Making

    41. Levels of Support

    42. Prepare for the Realities of Health Care Services Difference in System Practices • Pediatric Services: Family Driven • Adult Services: Consumer Driven The youth and family find themselves between two medical worlds …….that often do not communicate….

    43. Maintaining Health Care Insurance

    44. Transition & ……Insurance NO HEALTH INSURANCE 40% college graduates (first year after grad) 1/2 of HS grads who don’t go to college 40% age 19–29, uninsured during the year 2x rate for adults ages 30-64 Source: Commonwealth, 2003, 2005

    45. Extended Coverage – Family Plan • Adult Disabled Dependent Care • Incapable of self-sustaining employment by reason of mental or physical handicap, as certified by the child's physician on a form provided by the insurer, hospital or medical service corporation or health care center • Adult, childless continued on Family Plan • Increasing age limit to 25-30 • CO, CT, DE, ID, IN, IL, ME, MD, MA, MI, MT, NH, NJ, NM, OR, PA, RI, SD, TX, VT, VA, WA, WV

    46. Handouts: Private Health Insurance Maine Health Insurance Statute – up to age 25 Chapter 33:§2742-A. Extension of coverage for dependent children Effective August 23, 2006 Dependent child; definition. A.  Is unmarried; B.  Has no dependent of the child's own; C.  Is a resident of this State or is enrolled as a full-time student at an accredited public or private institution of higher education; and D.  Is not provided coverage under any other individual or group health insurance policy or health maintenance organization contract or under a federal or state government program.