Dialogue Education 2009. Mind/Body Dichotomy.
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The mind-body dichotomy is the view that "mental" phenomena are, in some respects, "non-physical" (distinct from the body).
In a religious sense, it refers to the separation of body and soul.
soul is from the world of ideas and thus immortal. He believed the soul was temporarily united with the body and would only be separated at death where it would then go back to the world of forms. As the soul does not exist in time and space as the body does, it can therefore access universal truths from the world of ideas.
The aim of the soul is to out survive the body where it will return to the world of ideas, along with the identity of the individual.
The mind-body dichotomy is the starting point of Dualism. It became conceptualized its current form in the Western world by René Descartes's. It also appeared in pre-Aristotelian concepts.
René Descartes' illustration of mind/body dualism. Inputs are passed on by the sensory organs to the epiphysis in the brain and from there to the immaterial spirit.
Meditations II (1641)
The Mind-Body Problem &
Descartes’ Psycho-Somatic Dualism
Metaphysical Dualism: Reality is two-dimensional, partly material and partly non-material (minds, ideas, souls, spirits, consciousness, etc.).
Metaphysical Materialism: Reality is nothing but matter-in-motion-in-space-and-in-time. There are no non-material realities.
Metaphysical Idealism: Reality is nothing but Mind, Idea, Soul, Spirit, Consciousness, etc. Matter does not exist (it’s an illusion?).
Can you doubt the existence of your body (as well as other physical things)?
Why or why not?
Bryan Magee, The Great Philosophers (Oxford 1987)
Descartes' piece of wax
(What is this about?)
D' piece of wax is a physical object.
How is it known? Through the senses? Through the power of imagination? Through the intellect (judgement, intuition)?
(2) the existence of God