nursing assistant body mechanics n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Nursing Assistant- Body Mechanics PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Nursing Assistant- Body Mechanics

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

Nursing Assistant- Body Mechanics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 1741 Views
  • Uploaded on

Nursing Assistant- Body Mechanics. Module 5. Purpose of body mechanics. To use the body in an efficient & safe way Practice body mechanics at all times EVERYONE should use – even residents & families Protects employee & resident. Basic rules of body mechanics. Assess the “job” to be done

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Nursing Assistant- Body Mechanics' - kedma


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
purpose of body mechanics
Purpose of body mechanics
  • To use the body in an efficient & safe way
    • Practice body mechanics at all times
    • EVERYONE should use – even residents & families
    • Protects employee & resident
basic rules of body mechanics
Basic rules of body mechanics
  • Assess the “job” to be done
  • Use wide base of support – feet 12” apart or at shoulder width
  • Use strong, large muscle groups, not back & arms
  • Use correct posture & body alignment – back straight, knees bent
  • Keep heavy objects close to the body
rules cont
Rules (cont)
  • Never twist, turn, or pivot feet – face work
  • Push, slide, or pull heavy objects instead of lifting
  • Avoid sudden jerky motions
  • Use both hands when lifting
  • Team work – one leader who directs the group
  • Explain procedure to resident
issues of concern
Issues of concern
  • Legal
    • Must protect/safeguard resident
    • Skin abrasions mean citation from state
    • Abrasion is REPORTABLE!
  • Total quality improvement
    • Back issues!
    • Resident safety!
comfort measures for lifting moving residents
Comfort measures for lifting & moving residents
  • Inform resident of what you are doing & why
  • Provide privacy
  • Raise bed to proper position
  • Position resident in good body alignment
  • Use pillows/foam pads to support & cushion resident & protect bony prominences
  • Protect ALL tubing
  • Do not slide or drag – friction, SKIN SHEARING, abrasions, tears
safety measures for lifting moving residents
Safety measures for lifting & moving residents
  • Assess the task
    • Size up the load
    • Obtain help if needed
  • Reposition resident in bed with good body mechanics
    • Move resident up in bed
      • Use lift sheet if appropriate
      • Two people needed to move resident, should stand at HOB
      • Remove pillow, pad HOB with pillow
  • Lock bed wheels & w/c wheels before moving
  • Make sure res has non-skid footwear
safety measures for lifting moving residents cont
Safety measures for lifting & moving residents (cont)
  • Turn resident on side
    • Demo move toward NA
    • Demo move away from NA
    • Log roll – move as one position like a log, uses 2 CNAs
  • Reasons for repositioning
    • Comfort
    • Prevents skin breakdown
    • Stimulates body systems
    • Encourages resident to do ADLs
positioning
Positioning
  • Technique
    • Do every 2 hours
    • Use lift-sheet Y move resident to opposite side of the bed you wish to turn resident to (for side-lying)
    • Turn & position
basic positions
Basic positions
  • Supine – back
  • Prone – abdomen
  • Lateral – side-lying
  • Sim’s
  • Fowler’s – HOB > 45
  • Semi-Fowler’s – HOB elevated to 45
  • Trendelenberg
  • Reverse Trendelenberg
supportive devices
Supportive Devices
  • Provide comfort & support limbs
  • Pillows
  • Foam wedges
  • Trochanter rolls
transfers
Transfers
  • Bed to chair
    • Place chair on strong side
  • Chair to bed
  • Bed to gurney
assistive equipment used to transfer
Assistive Equipment used to transfer
  • Mechanical (Hoyer) lift
  • Trapeze – use arms
  • Slide board – requires 2 workers to turn sheet to slide resident over
  • Gait belt (transfer belt)
    • Apply to waist, over clothing
    • Check for belt tightness (2 fingers)
    • Watch for proper placement
ambulation procedure
Ambulation Procedure
  • Dangle before ambulation
  • Ambulate with assistive devices
    • Walker – advance walker, move weak leg,then strong leg
    • Cane – hold on strong side, move cane, then weak leg, then strong leg
    • Gait belt – stand slightly behind resident on the weaker side, grasping belt in midback
prevention of injury if falls occur
Prevention of injury if falls occur
  • Protection of resident
    • Guide resident to the floor
    • Protect resident’s head
    • Keep firm grip on the gait belt
  • Protection of self
    • Keep back straight
    • Slide resident to floor using upper leg for support