The Age of Exploration - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Age of Exploration
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The Age of Exploration

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  1. The Age of Exploration

  2. The Historical Setting for Exploration • Europe wanted trade • World divided into independent spheres • Limited previous contact with the Americas had occurred • Vikings Vikings

  3. Renaissance Ideas That Influenced Exploration • Most educated men believed that the world was round • There were certainly stories of other lands, but they were not focused on the Western Hemisphere

  4. Economic Developments • Trade routes expanded • Europeans developed a taste for Asian goods • The development of banking The Royal Exchange, London

  5. New TechnologyShips • Caravels • Ship technology • Armaments

  6. New TechnologyNavigation • Astrolabe • Compass • Practical knowledge of winds and currents Astrolabe

  7. Cartography Early and Medieval Maps Ptolemaic map Jerusalem maps Mappa Mundi

  8. Late Medieval and Renaissance Cartography Portolan map Fra Mauro’s map

  9. Cartography and Projection • Hipparchus and Ptolemy • Mercator Mercator map of Europe, 16th century

  10. Motives for Exploration SEARCH FOR RESOURCES AND LAND Sugar Oceanic Resources Wheat