The Age of Exploration. The Historical Setting for Exploration. Europe wanted trade World divided into independent spheres Limited previous contact with the Americas had occurred Vikings. Vikings. Renaissance Ideas That Influenced Exploration.
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The Historical Setting for Exploration • Europe wanted trade • World divided into independent spheres • Limited previous contact with the Americas had occurred • Vikings Vikings
Renaissance Ideas That Influenced Exploration • Most educated men believed that the world was round • There were certainly stories of other lands, but they were not focused on the Western Hemisphere
Economic Developments • Trade routes expanded • Europeans developed a taste for Asian goods • The development of banking The Royal Exchange, London
New TechnologyShips • Caravels • Ship technology • Armaments
New TechnologyNavigation • Astrolabe • Compass • Practical knowledge of winds and currents Astrolabe
Cartography Early and Medieval Maps Ptolemaic map Jerusalem maps Mappa Mundi
Late Medieval and Renaissance Cartography Portolan map Fra Mauro’s map
Cartography and Projection • Hipparchus and Ptolemy • Mercator Mercator map of Europe, 16th century
Motives for Exploration SEARCH FOR RESOURCES AND LAND Sugar Oceanic Resources Wheat