Electronic Health Records for Allied Health Careers
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Electronic Health Records for Allied Health Careers. Cover goes here when ready. Chapter 2. Transitioning to an Electronic Health Record and the Need for Clinical Information Standards. Learning Outcomes. After studying this chapter, you should be able to:

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Electronic Health Records for Allied Health Careers

Cover goes here when ready

Chapter 2

Transitioning to an Electronic Health Record and the Need for Clinical Information Standards


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Learning Outcomes

  • After studying this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Describe the major strategies for converting paper-based charts to EHR.

  • List the four ways of entering live patient data into EHR.

  • Explain how desktop, laptop, and tablet computers differ.

  • Discuss the advantages of wireless networks in health care.

  • Explain the major difference between locally hosted and ASP hosting models.


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Learning Outcomes

  • After studying this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Discuss why the adoption of clinical standards is critical to the successful implementation of electronic health records.

  • Describe the difference between clinical vocabularies and classification systems.

  • List four messaging standards used with electronic health records.

  • Describe the significance of the Medicare Prescription Drug and Modernization Act of 2003 in the adoption of clinical standards.


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application service provider (ASP)

classification systems

clients

clinical templates

clinical vocabularies

Current Procedural Terminology (CPT)

content standards

desktop computer

Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM)

Healthcare Common Procedures Coding System (HCPCS), Level II

Health Level Seven (HL&)

hybrid conversions

incremental conversion

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 1073 (IEEE1073)

International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision

interoperable

laptop computer

locally hosted

Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)

messaging standards

Key Terms


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National Council for Prescription Drug Program (NCPDP)

network

outsourcing

personal digital assistant (PDA)

picture archiving and communication system (PACS)

scanning

server

smart phones

Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED-CT)

tablet computer

total conversion

Unified Medical Language System (UMLS)

voice recognition

wired network

wireless networks

workstations

Key Terms


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Converting Existing Records

  • Conversion strategies:

  • Total conversion

  • Incremental conversion

  • Hybrid conversion


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Entering Live Data

  • Methods:

  • dictation and transcription

  • clinical templates

  • voice recognition

  • scanning


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Computer Requirements

  • Input Devices

  • Workstations

    • desktop computers

    • laptop computers

    • tablet computers

    • personal digital assistants (PDAs)

    • smart phones


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Computer Requirements

  • Networks

    • server = “hub” of network; houses data and applications

    • clients = computers that access the server over the network

    • wired network vs. wireless network


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Hosting Choices

  • Locally Hosted Model

  • Application Service Provider Model

  • Blended or Hybrid Model


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The Importance of Clinical Standards

  • For shared information to be useful, computer systems must be interoperable

  • No mandatory standards for clinical data exist yet.


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Clinical Information Standards

  • Clinical vocabularies

    • Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED-CT)

    • Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)

    • U.S. National Library of Medicine Unified Medical Language System (UMLS)


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Clinical Information Standards

  • Classification systems

    • International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9)

    • International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10)

    • Current Procedural Terminology (CPT)

    • Healthcare Common Procedures Coding System (HCPCS), Level II


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Clinical Information Standards

  • Messaging Standards

    • Health Level Seven (HL7)

    • Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM)

    • Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS)

    • National Council for Prescription Drug Program (NCPDP)

    • The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 1073 (IEEE1073)


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Clinical Information Standards

  • EHR Content Standards

    • Electronic Health Record System Functional Model (EHR-S-FM)


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