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Basic Geometric Constructions. By: Mr. Erlin Geometry 1 Tamalpais High School. B’. Copy a Segment. Since a segment is a part of a line, we’ll start by drawing a ray that is somewhat longer than our intended segment, and call the starting point A’ . A. B.

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basic geometric constructions

Basic Geometric Constructions

By: Mr. Erlin

Geometry 1

Tamalpais High School

copy a segment

B’

Copy a Segment

  • Since a segment is a part of a line, we’ll start by drawing a ray that is somewhat longer than our intended segment, and call the starting point A’.

A

B

  • Place the Needle end of the compass on point A, and adjust its length to match the distance AB.
  • Without changing the width of the compass, put the Needle end of the compass on point A’, and draw the arc to cross your ray. Label the point of intersection B’. You’ve just copied AB to A’B’

A’

copy an angle

C’

B’

Copy An Angle

  • Now go back to the original angle, and put your needle on the point of intersection of AB and the arc. Measure the distance along the arc to the ray BC.

C

  • Since an angle is two rays with a common vertex we’ll start by drawing a ray and call ray B’A’.
  • Place the Needle end of the compass on point B, and make an arc that crosses over from BA to BC.

B

5) Without changing the width of the compass, put your needle on the point of intersection of the arc and B’A’. Make an arc that crosses the first arc you drew on this new angle.

A

  • Without changing the width of the compass, put the Needle end of the compass on point B’, and draw the arc crossing B’A’ long enough to more than cross where B’C’ will be.

6) Draw a ray from B’ thru the point of intersection of the two arcs. Label a point on the ray as C’. You’ve copied the angle ABC as A’B’C’.

A’

bisecting a segment
Bisecting a Segment
  • Place the needle of your compass on A. Make its width more than half-way to B, and make a half-circle.

2) Without changing the width of the compass, put the needle of your compass on B. Make a half-circle that overlaps the first one.

A

B

3) Draw a line that connects the two points of intersection of the two half-circles. That new line is both a bisector of the segment AB, and is perpendicular to AB.

bisecting an angle
Bisecting an Angle

C

  • Place the needle of your compass on B. Draw an arc that crosses both BA and BC.

E

2) Label the intersection of the arc and BA “D”, and the intersection of the arc and BC “E”.

3) Place the needle of the compass on D, and set the width to match more than half the distance to E. Make a half-circle.

B

A

D

4) Leave the compass width as it is. Place the needle of the compass on E, and make a half-circle overlapping the previous half-circle.

5) Draw a line that connects the two points of intersection of the two half-circles. That new line is both a bisector of the angle ABC.