Value Scale & Monochromatic Scale • We will be creating a value scale as well as a monochromatic scale. • Terms Related to Value and Monochromatic Scale. • The scale must be made to the exact requirements to get full credit. • Both the Value and Monochromatic scale will be due at the end of class on Friday.
Terms • Value: The visual weight of a color. • Contrast:The difference between light and dark, size, color, shape, and textures. • Value Scale: The gradation between light to dark on a scale. • Monochromatic: the full value range of one color. • Thumbnail Sketch: small sketches that helps work out ideas, spatial issues, layout, and helps you brainstorm ideas for compositions. • Negative Space: The space around, inside and object. • Positive Space: The space that makes up the object. • View Finder: a tool to help you find an interesting composition. It helps to frame the view to reduce drawing extraneous visual information. • Gradient: the value change from dark to light. • Medium/Media: the tool one uses to create art. For example, watercolors, pencil, paint, charcoal, colored pencils, ect.
The Requirements • To create one value scale that has 9 steps. • To create one monochromatic scale that has 9 steps. • Each scale must have accurate values that have transition from black to white in a consistent gradation. • Due Friday end of class. Requirement Sheet
Examples of Value Scales • Notice you can see the value scale with a nice even gradation from one value to the next. • If you squint your eyes you can tell if the transitions from one value to the next is correct of if there is too much of a jump. • Website to check out is: • http://www.handprint.com/HP/WCL/color11.html
Why is Value & Contrast Important? • Value changes and contrast helps the viewer “read” a composition. • It also creates interest and makes the viewer want to look at your composition. • Note the two images. Both are of the same scene. The top version uses a gray scale with value changes and contrast. The bottom is the same composition but with no value changes or contrast.
Monochromatic Scale • The Monochromatic scale is just like the value scale but with color. • You will take one color plus black and create a even gradations between dark to light. • You will make this a nine step scale as well.
How To Create a Value Scale • Determine how big you are going to make your scale. And what shape. • Simplest way is to use a ruler and measure out 9 sections. 1” each is fine. This means you will have 9, 1” sections.
Creating a Value Scale • You can also create a non traditional value scale, by using circles, stars, triangles or other shapes. Just remember, your pieces have to connect or touch. Begin shading remember to keep each shape or block consistent in value.
Tips • Start from black or white and work your way down or up. • When you are shading, start lighter and build up your values. You can always go darker, but it harder to go lighter. • Use a blending pencil to help get your values consistent in each block. • Squint, squint, squint. This breaks the visual barrier down between values and help see if the gradation between values are correct. • You cannot shade white.