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REPUBLIC OF NIGER Fraternité Travail Progrès MINISTRY OF LIVESTOCK. LIVESTOCK OUR WEALTH. NIGER LIVESTOCK SECTOR : PROVEN COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AND A STRONG POTENTIAL. PRESENTATION PLAN. INTRODUCTON. With the best comparative advantage of west Africa, livestock production in Niger:

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livestock our wealth

REPUBLIC OF NIGER

Fraternité Travail Progrès

MINISTRY OF LIVESTOCK

LIVESTOCK OUR WEALTH

NIGER LIVESTOCK SECTOR : PROVEN COMPARATIVE

ADVANTAGE AND A STRONG POTENTIAL

slide3

INTRODUCTON

With the best comparative advantage of west Africa, livestock production in Niger:

    •  Is a traditional activity for 87 % of the population;
    • Benefit from the availability of over 620 000 square km of grazing land (pastoral zone) that allow production at lower cost ;
    • Has an important stock of live animals estimated at more than 38 millions (2012) of heads of cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkey and horses representing about 2 000 billions of FCFA;
    • Has diversified species and races of livestock known to have a high aptitude in term of milk and beef production as well as the quality of the meat, the hides and skins;
  •  Economically, livestock contribute up to 12% of the GDP; its exportation is the second source of exportation income of the country (just behind mining resources), it represent 62% of rural sector exportation income and 21 % of the overall exportation income of the country
slide4

The pastoral zone and others agro-ecological zones

Pastoral zone: 620 000 square km of rangeland devoted for livestock breeding

slide6

Azawak breed

  • Characteristics
  • Skin color: Tawny uniform
  • Height: Male : 1.20 - 1.30 m ______Female : 1.10 - 1.20 m
  • Reproduction performances
  • Fisrt Calving age: 3 years
  • Calving interval :13 months
  • Fecondity rate: 70 à 75%
  • weight performances
  • Mean weight at calving: Male: 23.97 kg ; female: 21. 44 kg. bw
  • Mean weight at adulthood : Male (400 Kg. bw) , femelle (250 Kg. bw)
  • carcass yield: 48 à 52 %
slide7

Bororo breed

  • Characteristics
  • Skin color :Brown uniform or mahogany color
  • Reproduction performances
  • First calving age: 42 months
  • weight performances
  • Mean weight at adult age : male (350-500 Kg) et female (250 – 300 Kg)
  • Carcass yield : 40 à 50 %
slide8

Goudalibreed

  • Characteristics
  • Skin color: Dirty whitish
  • Height: 1.30 m
  • Weight performances
  • Mean weight at adulthood : male (400-500 Kg.) ; female (300-400 Kg.)
  • carcass yield : 55 %

Djellibreed

  • Characteristics
  • Skin color : whitish or patched with black spots
  • Height: 1.15 - 1.30m
  • Reproduction performances
  • First calving age : 42 months
  • weight performances
  • Mean weight at adulthood :  300 Kg.
  • carcass yield  : 48 à 50 %
slide9

kouri breed

  • Characteristics
  • Skin color: Whitish uniform or Isabel color
  • Height: 1.40 – 1.50 m
  • Reproduction performances
  • First calving age: 3 years
  • Calving interval : 15 months
  • Fecundity rate: 67 à 76 %
  • weight performances
  • Mean weight at calving: Male 25 kg;
  • female 22. 5 kg
  • Mean weight at adult hood : Male 400 -600 Kg.; female (400 Kg.)
  • carcass yield  : 55 %
  • DWG: 635 gram
slide10

Sheep breeds

  • Oudah breed
  • The skin is bicolor; the forequarter is either black or brown while the hindquarter is always white in color
  • Height: 75 -80 cm
  • carcass yield : 48-58%
  • Ara - ara breed
  • Height: 60 - 80 cm
  • weight: 40 à 50 kg.bw
  • Excellent breed for mutton yielding
  • Bali bali breed
  • Most Common color skin color is whitish
  • Height: 75 -80 cm
  • Weight: 30 - 50 kg.bw
  • Balami breed
  • Skin color : whitish
  • Height : 75 -80 cm
  • Weight: 40 - 50 kg.bw
slide11

Goatbreeds

  • Sahel goat breed
  • Height: 80 cm
  • Weight: 35 - 40 kg.bw
  • Maradi Brown goat breed

Highly prolific

  • prolificity rate 164%
  • fertility rate: 86 - 67%
  • fecundity rate: 141%

Mean weight :

  • At kidding: 1.5 - 2kg.bw
  • At Adulthood:- male: 35 - 40 kg.bw

- female: 30 -38 kg.bw

carcass yield : 52%

Best leather in the world

slide12

Camel breeds

  • Azaouak breed
    • Height: 2 – 2.10 m
    • Mean weight: 450kg
  • Gouré brown breed
    • Height: 1.80m
    • Mean weight: 550kg
  • Azarghah breed
    • Height: 2m
    • weight :370 kg
slide13

State Breeding centers: localisation

Seven state breeding centers located all over the country

slide14

III. Niger: Exportation of Livestock and livestock products

III. 1. Livestock Market: offers (blue) and demands (red)

Sheep offers and demands: 5 years means

Cattle offers and demands: 5 years means

slide15

III. 2. Livestock Exportations

Millions of heads of livestock are every year exported to west African countries

slide16

III. 2. Hides and skins Exportations and capacity of supply

Capacity of supply: 3000 Hides, 83 000 Sheep skins and 118 000 Goat skins per month

slide19

Livestock our renewable wealth !

We are ready to go behind west African market

Thank you for listening