INTRODUCTION TO REGIONAL ANATOMY. Kaan Yücel M.D., Ph.D . 24. September 201 3 Tuesday. topographical anatomy. organization of the human body as major parts or segments. Head N eck T runk t horax , abdomen, back, & pelvis/perineum U pper limbs & lower limbs.
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INTRODUCTION TO REGIONALANATOMY
Kaan Yücel M.D., Ph.D. 24. September2013 Tuesday
organization of the human body as major parts or segments
thorax, abdomen, back, & pelvis/perineum
Upper limbs & lower limbs
Anterioraspect of theleg
Diaphragm divides body cavity into thoracic & abdominopelviccavities.
Mediastinumcontains all structures of the thoracic cavity except the lungs.
reGIONSin the body
Skeleton of theface
transitional area between base of the cranium superiorly clavicles inferiorly
joins the head to the trunk and limbs
major conduit for structures passing between them.
several important organs with unique functions located here
proximal segment of the limb
overlaps parts of the trunk (thorax and back) and lower lateral neck
Bone framework of the shoulder
clavicle and scapula, form the pectoral girdle (shoulder girdle); proximal end of the humerus
overlies half of the pectoral girdle.
pectoral (shoulder) girdle
a bony ring
formed by scapulae and clavicles
completed anteriorly by theupperpartof the sternum
area of transition between the neck and the arm
first segment of the free upper limb
between shoulder & elbow
second longest segment of the limb
between elbow & wrist (L. carpus)
part of the upper limb distal to the forearm
between the neck and abdomen
12 pairs of ribs &associated costal cartilages
12 thoracic vertebrae & intervertebral discs
posterior aspect of the body
provides the musculoskeletal axis of support for the trunk.
+ proximal elements of the ribs
+ superior aspects of the pelvic bones
+ posterior basal regions of the skull
spinal cord and proximal parts of the spinal nerves
send and receive information to and from most of the body.
part of the trunk inferoposterior to abdomen area of transition between trunk & lower limbs
inferiormostpart of the abdominopelviccavity
Pelvissurrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis)
formed by three bones
Right and left hip bones (coxal bones; pelvic bones)
fusion of three bones, the ilium, ischium, and pubis
connects the vertebral column to the two femora
transitional region between the trunk and free lower limbs
between gluteal, abdominal, and perineal regions proximally
knee region distally
most of the femur (thigh bone)
distal femur and proximal tibia
head of the fibula
patella (knee cap
joints between these bony structures
posterior region of the knee (L. poples)
between knee joint & ankle joint
most of the tibia (shin bone)
fibula (calf bone)
talocruralregion (L. regiotalocruralis)
(L. pes) or foot region (L. regiopedis)
distal part of the lower limb