Introduction Anatomy. Azami PHD. Definition. Anatomy- From Greek “to cut open” Study of the structure of the body, either regionally or systematically Physiology – branch of biological science dealing with the function of organs and organ systems. History of Anatomy .
هم نيروزايي و هم جهت
Since this cartilage does not contain blood vessels, it must receive nutrients by diffusion from the synovial fluid. Optimal nutrition requires regular movement (loading and unloading) of the cartilage, so that the synovia is pressed into the cartilage.Lackof movement and unphysiologically high tensions lead to degenerative changes (osteoarthritis) in joint cartilage
Joint Capsule and Synovial Fluid
When a joint is immobilized over a prolonged period of time, the connective tissue fibers shorten, the joint capsule shrinks, and the mobility of the joint can be severely compromised (joint contracture).