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Outline Your Writing Habit. Final Project Presentation Haidy Hui. What is an Outline?. a way of idea listing made before students write their essays a way of organizing information provide a summary showing the logical flow of a paper a guideline.

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Outline your writing habit l.jpg

Outline Your Writing Habit

Final Project Presentation

Haidy Hui

What is an outline l.jpg
What is an Outline?

  • a way of idea listing made before students write their essays

  • a way of organizing information

  • provide a summary showing the logical flow of a paper

  • a guideline

How beneficial an outline is l.jpg

Categorize different ideas into different body paragraphs

Avoid overlapping, repeating and inappropriate ideas

Being able to discover combinable ideas

Check whether their points directly reflect the thesis statement

Good structure enhanced

Avoid making unchangeable mistakes

Avoid going off track

Ensure appropriate answers are given

How beneficial an Outline is?

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Types of Outline

  • Mind Maps

  • Point-Form Outline

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Mind Maps

  • A diagram used to represent and link ideas and words

  • Usually used at the stage of brainstorming

  • Symbols, pictures and single words (key words) are used

  • Different colors are used

  • By organizing their ideas into a mind map, student are allowed to figure out through a diagram what points are unsuitable and overlapping.

  • The paper is equally distributed into different parts? Balanced?

  • Sufficient evidences are provided?

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Point Form Outline

  • A more formal and detailed outline

  • A proposal and a plan

  • Not only linking different ideas, but organizing them into body paragraphs

  • Thesis statement formulated

  • Topic sentences decided

  • A hook?

  • Ensure good structure

  • A detailed outline = 1/3 of a paper!! (my experience)

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An Effective Outline

  • Division

  • Parallelism

  • Coordination

  • Subordination

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  • Every heading should be divided into several subheadings or points

  • make sure sufficient examples are taken in account to support the main idea

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  • Headings and subheadings should have a parallel structure

    E.g. I. Wash ingredients

    II. Set oven’s temperature

    (Both headings start with a “verb”)

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  • headings should have the same value of significance, so as the subheadings

  • To enhance every point has a balanced worth

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  • headings should be more general

  • subheadings should be more specific

    E.g. I. Immoral acts of Paulina

    a. killing her husband

    b. torturing her mother

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Check List – The 3Cs

  • Clear?

    - appropriate reflection to the thesis

    - good structure

  • Concise?

    - sufficient evidence to support

  • Comprehensive?

    - do address all the questions assigned to you by your instructor

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Tutoring Strategies

1. Personal experience

2. Examples with demonstration

3. Practice

4. Encouragements

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Practice Exercise

  • Besides theories, also give them chance to practice

  • Find an essay that they never read

  • Ask them to draw the mind map / outline

  • Deconstruct an essay an see how it works

  • Ask them to outline an essay they wrote

  • Leading questions: why do you think it is not well balanced? Where are the overlapping ideas?

  • Help them figure their weakness for improvements

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  • Tutors should understand different students have different writing habits

  • Encourage them to use different outlining method

  • Which one suits them best?

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  • http://www.twingroves.district96.k12.il.us/ScienceInternet/MakingOutline.html

  • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/544/01/

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mind_map

  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/debbieohi/176582261/

  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/7232141@N07/465168315/