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Vietnam War Comes To An End
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  1. Vietnam War Comes To An End • With the war creeping on with no victory in sight, Americans try to deal with the losses at home.

  2. The Tet Offensive Turns the Tide • January 30, 1968 (New Years Eve) • Celebrated in Vietnam as the start of Tet • Tet = New Year celebration • No fighting usually took place this day.

  3. North Vietnam Surprise Attacks! • Tet Offensive • 84,000 Vietcong attack major areas of South Vietnam including: • US army bases • S. Vietnam capital Saigon • US would never win another battle in North Vietnam

  4. Election Year of 1968 • LBJ does not run for re-election • Richard Nixon (Republican) • Ran on slogan “you can’t trust Democrats” • “I will end this war!” • Hubert Humphrey (Democrat) • Claimed to want to end war as well

  5. Protests Break Out Across US • By 1969 • Its clear that Vietnam War is not going to end • Nixon lied! • Even started to send more troops to other SE Asia areas • Cambodia • Laos • Over 1.2 million troops in SE Asia • In Vietnam • US still trying to get Vietcong out of South Vietnam

  6. Walter Cronkite on CBS Evening News protests

  7. New York Times releases the Pentagon Papers • Documents that revealed the government had lied about: • How the war in Vietnam was going • Sending US troops to Cambodia • Amount of actual US deaths

  8. Kent State University • May 4, 1970 • Supposedly KSU students set fire to campus ROTC building. • Protesting troops being sent to Cambodia • Ohio Governor John James Rhodes • “I will eradicate these protestors!” • How?

  9. Governor James Rhodes

  10. Call in the Ohio National GuardShoot and Kill 4 students!

  11. 4 dead in Ohio….

  12. News Spreads! • KSU shootings become national news quickly! • Then, it happens again. • Jackson State University • In Mississippi • Police shoot 2 students for “protesting”

  13. Surely Nixon Can’t Win Again! • Election of 1972 • Nixon runs on campaign of “cease fire” in Vietnam • Bring the boys home! • Wins election in a landslide • Small election change • 26th Amendment • Voting age lowered from 21 to 18

  14. Congress does not trust Nixon! • 1972 • North Vietnam offered a cease fire. • US troops could leave S. Vietnam • S. Vietnam would get own democratic government • Had to have Vietminh political party involved! • Good plan, right? • S. Vietnam says no! • We support them so…..

  15. Nixon Tries to Erase N. Vietnam • For 2 weeks • US drops 40,000 tons of bombs over N. Vietnam • Still hopes Vietcong would give up! • Doesn’t work… • Finally, January 1973 • Congress starts to bring troops home. • S. Vietnam government falls apart.

  16. April 30, 1975 • Saigon falls to Vietcong! • S. Vietnam surrenders to Communists. • 1973 • Congress passes War Powers Act • Gives Congress back “right to declare war” • Limits military commitment by President to 60 days! • Supposedly….

  17. Vietnam Veterans • Over 2 million troops sent to Vietnam • 58,000 thousand die • 300,000 injured • 25,000 Missing in Action • 1.2 claim PTSD and Agent Orange Disease

  18. Vietnam War Memorial “The Wall”