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The Cold war comes to an end
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  1. The Cold war comes to an end Modern World History

  2. Destalinization • Stalin dies in 1953 • Nikita Khrushchev named Premier • Denounces the jailing/execution of Soviet citizens • Monuments to Stalin torn down • Stalingrad renamed Volgograd

  3. Not Tough Enough • Hungary & Czechoslovakia attempt Revolutions • Khrushchev & Brezhnev put down revolutions violently • Tanks & Infantry restore pro-Soviet governments

  4. Detente • Détente: foreign policy that sought to ease relations with the Communist world by increasing diplomatic, commercial, and cultural contact with Cold War enemies • Nixon to China (Feb. 1972) • Nixon: “we want the Chinese with us when we sit down and negotiate with the Russians.” • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks • SALT (May 1972) • Signed by Nixon & Brezhnev • Helsinki Accords limit ICBMs • Signed in Aug. 1975 • 33 UN nations sign

  5. The Evil Empire Crumbles • Mikhail Gorbachev (1985) • Young (54) • Promoted Glasnost • Openness, the free-flow of ideas and information • Churches reopened, censorship relaxed, prisoners released, etc • Promoted Perestroika • Economic restructuring • Goal: improve efficiency • Goal: productivity • Promoted Democratic Reforms • Result: election of new legislature

  6. The Evil Empire Crumbles • Ethnic Tensions Boil Over • Baltic Nations authority • March 1990 • Gorbi institutes economic sanctions • Troops kills 14 & wounds 100s • Jan. 1991 • Yeltsin criticizes Gorbi’s use of force

  7. The Evil Empire Crumbles • August Coup Fails (1991) • Hardliners – fearful of losing control • Military detains Gorbi in the Black Sea • Tanks roll into Moscow • Yeltsin leads popular opposition • Military unwilling to fire on citizens • Gorbi returns & resigns • Communist Parliament votes to end control • 15 Soviets declare independence • Dec. 1991