The Basal Ganglia. Maryann Martone, Ph. D. NEU257 2/22/2011. What are the basal ganglia?. Depends on whom you’re talking to: Anatomical: Non-cortical nuclei in the forebrain Caudate nucleus, putamen, nucleus accumbens, amygdala, globus pallidus
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Maryann Martone, Ph. D.
Globus pallidus (external) and Globus pallidus (internal)
From Zhou et al., Nature Neuroscience, 4, 1224 - 1229 (2001)
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From Holt et al., 1997, JCN
All regions of cerebral cortex project to the basal ganglia, but output of basal ganglia is directed towards the frontal lobe, particularly pre-motor and supplementary motor cortex
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From Graybiel, A. Neural Networks, Am J Psychiatry 158:21, January 2001
Albin RL, Young AB, Penney JB.The functional anatomy of basal ganglia disorders.Trends Neurosci. 1989 Oct;12(10):366-75.
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