Abraham Lincoln • "It is better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt."
was the 16th President of the United States, from 1861 until 1865 when he was assassinated. He led the country through the Civil War, keeping the country together, and ending slavery. During his presidency, he introduced laws that would abolish slavery, which included the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and the promotion of the Thirteenth Amendment. Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, delivered in 1863, is considered today one of the greatest speeches ever. He has been ranked by historians today as one of the greatest American presidents.
Stonewall Jackson • "You may be whatever you resolve to be"
Energetic Confederate officer who made his troops stand as solidly as a stone wall during a Union attack He earned his nickname for bravery at Bull Run. Stonewall Jackson is widely regarded as one of the greatest of the Confederate commanders of the Civil War. An outstanding leader and brilliant tactician he led some of the most stunning campaigns of the war and earned a place in military history. tragically killed by his own men at Chancellorsville, VA
Ulysses S. Grant • "No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted."
Tough Union General Nickname was Unconditional Surrender Was willing to bend the normal rules of generalship Won battles through determination Grant maneuvered and fought skillfully to win Vicksburg, the key city on the Mississippi, and thus cut the Confederacy in two. Wrote out magnanimous terms of surrender that would prevent treason trials.
Robert E. Lee • Called slavery, “a moral and political evil”
Military leader who chose to fight for his home state, Virginia and the Confederacy He entertained no special sympathy for slavery. Was an experienced officer, a leader of great courage and intelligence, and a highly dignified and moral man. Victory depends on a willingness to take chances Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House
Clara Barton • “Angel of the Battlefields” • Organized the nursing of wounded Union troops throughout the Civil War. • She founded the American Red Cross
Mary S. Peake • Was a free African American who set up a school in Hampton, VA, in 1861 • Her school was for former slaves who fell behind the Union lines as the army advanced • school included more than fifty children during the day and twenty adults at night. • She became seriously ill but would not rest. • On Washington's birthday in 1862 she died of tuberculosis.
Robert Gould Shaw • Was a Union officer from a wealthy abolitionist family in Massachusetts. • He was the commander of the Massachusetts 54th Regiment, one of the 1st AA units to serve in the Civil War. • He inspired great loyalty in his men. • In 1863, he was killed in the Battle of Fort Wagner.
In the unsuccessful charge, the black troops proved themselves to be fully capable of standing up to enemy fire but lost about one quarter of their men, including Colonel Shaw. The rebels in the battery were so outraged by the Union commanders arming blacks that they decided to insult the white officer by burying him in a common grave with his black enlisted men. But Shaw's parents, when they heard of it, were pleased and believed that was the way their son would have wanted it.
54th Massachusetts Regiment Commanded by Robert Gould Shaw All black regiment Endured a lot of insults Paid less than white troops Denied adequate supplies and equipment Led the assault on Ft. Wagner-charge the fort under darkness Had to advance along an open beach and were easy targets NEVER GAVE UP! Attack was a failure but their effort was widely publicized in the North, and had a dramatic impact on white attitudes toward African American Soldiers.
William Harvey Carney • Enlisted in the 54th a little over a month after the Emancipation Proclamation • Rose to the rank of sergeant-couldn’t of gone higher because of color • Carried the flag after leaders were shot • Was wounded in both legs, his right arm and chest. But he refused to stop fighting or to let the enemy cut down the flag • Awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his bravery
Robert Smalls • Was a African American seaman who was forced to serve on the Planter, a Confederate gunboat. • He and the crew took over the boat and escaped the Confederates, then sailed the boat to the Union blockade, where he surrendered it. • His daring feat was widely publicized, and Congress voted to give him a large reward.
Sally Tompkins • Opened and equipped at her own expense, a private hospital in the home of Judge John Robertson in Richmond, VA, which earned an outstanding record for saving the lives of wounded Confederate soldiers. • Davis, impressed by the hospital's exceptional record of returning men to the field, authorized its continuance by commissioning Tompkins as a captain in the Confederate forces. • She was the only woman commissioned as a officer in the Confederate army.
Sarah Emma Edmonds • Helped spy for the Union • She enlisted and fought for a year before they figured out she was a women. • She “disguised” as a women and black man to spy. • She then became a nurse.
Belle Boyd • A quick-witted woman who used her charm and influence to successfully spy for the Confederate army. • She was arrested at least six times and imprisoned twice. • she shot and killed a disorderly enemy soldier who entered her home. • nicknames as the "Siren of the Shenandoah," and the "rebel Joan of arc."
John Ericsson • He built ships for the US navy. • Supported the Union • He hated slavery • He suggested to the US government that an ironclad ship could and should be built. • He designed the Monitor-the ship that was able to stop the advances of the Confederate Merrimack
Mary Todd Lincoln • Mary's family was from the South. Her family owned slaves and her brothers fought for the Confederacy. • Mary Todd Lincoln was the mother of four children, only one of whom lived to be an adult. • She was present at the assassination of her husband and had a mental breakdown after the incident.
I have a commission from the Lord God Almighty to do all I can for every miserable creature who comes in my way; he is always sure of two friends, God and me.
Mary Bickerdyke • "Mother Bickerdyke" joined a field hospital at Fort Donelson. • She worked on the first hospital boat, collecting wounded soldiers from Cairo, Louisville and St. Louis. • She eventually became chief of nursing for Ulysses S. Grant.