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Effects of Vigor on Psychological Well-Being. Ekaterina Solovieva York University Toronto, Canada. Introduction. Well-established relationship between social support and psychological well-being outcomes Positively related to life satisfaction

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effects of vigor on psychological well being

Effects of Vigor on Psychological Well-Being

Ekaterina Solovieva

York University

Toronto, Canada

introduction
Introduction
  • Well-established relationship between social support and psychological well-being outcomes
  • Positively related to life satisfaction
  • Negatively related to loneliness, anxiety and depression

(e.g., Tao, Dong, Pratt, Hunsberger, & Pancer, 2000)

coping social support
Conceptually separated in the past

Importance of drawing on others’ resources for coping

Relational skills as coping strengths

Coping & Social Support
proactive coping
planning and preventive strategies

identification and utilization of social resources

utilization of proactive emotional coping

Proactive Coping

(Greenglass, Schwarzer, & Taubert, 1999)

slide5

Resources: Internal

Self-Efficacy

Optimism

Resources: External

Social Support

Theoretical Model:

Resources, Proactive Coping & Outcomes

Outcomes:Positive

Vigor

Life Satisfaction

Proactive

Coping

Outcomes:

Negative

Depression

Burnout

Anger

current research
Current Research
  • Transition to university – great research opportunity
  • Function of proactive coping and vigor in psychological well-being, especially negative outcomes (such as depression)?
purpose of current study
Purpose of Current Study
  • To investigate the effects of social support, coping and vigor on psychological well-being in university students as reflected in the depression levels
social support
Social Support
  • Focused on informational support
  • Measured using a 6-item questionnaire (Caplan et al., 1975)
social support cont d
Social Support (cont’d)
  • Sample item:

“How much can people be relied on to provide you with assistance with your academic work when you need it most?”

  • 4-point scale from (1) Not at all

to (4) Very much

  • Alpha in this study = .91
proactive coping10
Proactive Coping
  • Strategies to build up general resources that facilitate the achievement of challenging goals

(Greenglass et al., 1999)

  • 14 items
  • Sample item:
    • “When I experience a problem, I take the initiative in resolving it”
proactive coping cont d
Proactive Coping (cont’d)
  • 4-point scale from (1) Not at all true to (4) Completely true
  • Alpha in this study = .82
vigor
Vigor
  • … characterized by high levels of energy, mental resilience, stamina, and persistence when problems arise.

A person with high degree of vigor is lively, active, energetic, cheerful and alert.

(Greenglass, 2006)

vigor cont d
Vigor (cont’d)
  • Measured using 6-item vigor-activity subscale of The Profile of Mood States (POMS; McNair, Lorr, & Droppleman, 1971).
  • Sample item:

“How much have you been feeling

energetic during the past week,

including today?”

vigor cont d14
Vigor (cont’d)
  • 5-point scale from (1) Not at all to (5) Extremely
  • Alpha in this study = .88
depression
Depression
  • Measured using Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL; Derogatis et al, 1974)
  • 11 items
  • Sample item:

“Crying easily”

depression16
Depression
  • 4-point scale from (1) Never to

(4) Extremely often

  • Alpha in this study =.81
procedure
Procedure
  • First-year psychology students filled out an online questionnaire twice for URPP credit:
    • In the beginning of the semester (Sept-Oct)
    • Just prior to exam time (Nov-Dec)
  • The participants were anonymous. A self-generated number was used to match responses from time 1 and time 2.
participants
Participants
  • N=68, 81% female
  • Average age: 18.65 years, SD=2.41
  • All are first year students
theoretical model

Social

Support

Proactive

Coping

Vigor

Depression

(time 2)

Theoretical Model
  • Relationship between social support, proactive coping and vigor at time 1 and depression at time 2.

Time 1

empirical model

.34**

.42***

Social

Support

Proactive

Coping

Vigor

-.32**

Depression

(time 2)

Empirical Model
  • Relationship between social support, proactive coping and vigor at time 1 and depression at time 2.

Time 1

2 (3) = 3.792 p=.285

GFI = .973

AGFI = .911

CFI = .970

RMSEA = .063

slide22

Empirical Model Relating Proactive Coping, Social Support, Vigor and 2MW in Joint Arthroplasty Patients

Time 1

Time 2

.25**

.20*

.34***

Social Support

Proactive

Coping

Vigor

2MW

2(3)= 3.350 p=0.341

GFI= 0.989

AGFI= 0.965

CFI= 0.989

RMSEA=0.027

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Proactive coping mediated the effects of social support on vigor
  • Vigor mediated the effects of proactive coping on depression
  • High levels of vigor were associated with lower levels of depression
limitations
All self report measures in this study

Behavioral measures of depression?

Behavioral measures of vigor?

Limitations
possible interventions
Possible Interventions
  • How can we assist first-year students

as they transition to university?

  • Higher vigor is associated with lower depression
  • Can vigor be manipulated?
possible interventions cont d
Cultivate social networks

Develop programs to teach proactive coping that emphasizes taking control before disaster strikes

Possible Interventions (cont’d)
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