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Vocabulary Unit 1. P. 2 Happiness. Assert (v): to state an opinion or belief very clearly and firmly. Assertive ( adj ) Assertion (n) Assertively ( adv ) She asserted her views about cheating very clearly. Astonishing ( adj ): so surprising that it is difficult to believe.

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vocabulary unit 1

Vocabulary Unit 1

P. 2 Happiness

assert v to state an opinion or belief very clearly and firmly
Assert (v): to state an opinion or belief very clearly and firmly.
  • Assertive (adj)
  • Assertion (n)
  • Assertively (adv)
  • She asserted her views about cheating very clearly.
astonishing adj so surprising that it is difficult to believe
Astonishing (adj): so surprising that it is difficult to believe.
  • Astonish (v) You astonished me when you arrived without calling first.
  • Astonishment (n) His astonishment was obvious.
  • Astonished (adj) We all laughed when the astonished cat ran away.
slide4

Boost (n): something that helps someone to be happier or more successful; A lift up.boost (v): to increase something like sales or production because they are not as high as you want them to be.To lift someone up higher

  • The new, fairer office policy gave all the employees a real boost.
  • Can you give me a boost? I can’t reach the top shelf!
  • Christmas always boosts sales for stores.
  • Boost me up so I can reach the top shelf.
cheerful adj happy and feeling good something that makes you feel happy
Cheerful (adj): happy and feeling good; something that makes you feel happy
  • Cheer (n): Her good cheer is always pleasant.
  • Cheerfully (adv): She agreed cheerfully to his request.
  • Cheer (v): The crowd cheered wildly when the football team scored the winning goal.
  • A cheerful manner can help you feel happier all the time.
slide6

Deed (n): something someone does, especially something that is very good or very bad;an official paper that is a record of an agreement, especially an agreement concerning who owns property

  • Heroes are known to do good deeds.
  • The deed to the house is in my desk drawer.
  • Good deeds, bad deeds, evil deeds, heroic deeds
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Devote (v): to give your time or money to something; (to devote yourself to ___) to do everything you can to achieve a goal or help someone.

  • She has devoted her life to ending childhood hunger.
  • Devotion (n): Her devotion to God is well known.
  • Devoted (adj): He is a devoted believer in washing behind his ears every morning.
  • Devotedly (adv): She feeds the neighborhood cats devotedly every day.
discipline n a way of training your mind and body so that you control your actions and obey rules
Discipline (n): a way of training your mind and body so that you control your actions and obey rules.
  • Good discipline is necessary in every classroom.
  • Discipline (v): You must discipline your mind so you can make the best use of your time.
  • Disciplined (adj): He is so disciplined about his studies I wonder if he ever does anything fun.
esteem n a feeling of respect or admiration for someone or for yourself self esteem
Esteem (n): a feeling of respect or admiration for someone or for yourself (self-esteem)
  • I have great esteem for my students.
  • Esteem (v): It is important to esteem yourself as highly as you esteem others.
  • Esteemed (adj): The esteemed professor’s classes are always full.
  • Esteemed colleague, poor self-esteem, high self-esteem
slide10

Graft (v): to join a part of a flower, plant, or tree onto another flower, plant, or tree* In context: to join one idea to another to create something new.to remove a piece of skin, bone etc from part of someone's body and put it onto or into a part of their body that has been damaged

  • The apple farmer grafted two kinds of trees together to create a new apple.
  • Doctors had to graft some new skin over the burn on his leg.
slide11

Inherit (v): to receive something from someone after they have died; to get a quality, type of behavior, appearance etc from one of your parents

  • I inherited my father’s brown hair and blue eyes.
  • Inheritance (n): My inheritance from my grandmother includes a necklace and two teapots.
  • Inherited (adj): Blue eyes are an inherited trait.
slide12

Instinctively (adv): reacting to something because of instinct (a natural tendency or ability to behave or react a particular way without having to learn it or think about it.

  • When the truck turned into traffic, I turned the wheel instinctively so I wouldn’t get into a crash.
  • Instinctive (adj): It is instinctive for birds to fly south in winter.
  • Instinct (n): Animals have all kinds of instincts that help them survive.
intervention n the act of intervening
Intervention (n): the act of intervening
  • His quick intervention stopped the fight before anyone got hurt.
  • intervene (v): to do something to try to stop a problem, argument, war, etc; to happen between two events in a way that interrupts or prevents something.
longing n a strong feeling of wanting someone or something very much
Longing (n): a strong feeling of wanting someone or something very much
  • Her longing for him was not a bit obscure.
  • Longing (adj) She gave him a longing glance, but he did not see her.
  • Long (v): He longed for a piece of chocolate cake.
  • Longingly (adv): The child looked longingly in the window of the candy store.
slide15
Manner (n): the way in which something is done; the way in which someone talks or behaves with other people.
  • Having a cheerful manner can really boost everyone’s day.
slide16
Monk (n): a man who is a member of a group of religious men who live together in a monastery (a special building or community)
  • Some types of Catholic monks take a vow of silence and never speak a word out loud, except in prayer.
mystery n something that is difficult to explain or understand
Mystery (n): something that is difficult to explain or understand.
  • Many TV shows feature people solving mysteries.
  • Mysterious (adj): Why is he being so mysterious?
  • Mysteriously (adv): He is behaving mysteriously.
  • Mystical (adj): involving religious, spiritual, or magical powers that people cannot understand
  • Mysticism (n): the belief in mystical things.
  • Mystic (n): one who practices mysticism.
obscure adj unclear or difficult to understand obscure v to prevent something from being seen
Obscure (adj): unclear or difficult to understandobscure (v): to prevent something from being seen
  • That mystery is so obscure I don’t know if we can ever solve it.
  • The criminal tried to obscure the evidence of his crime to boost his chances of escape.
  • Obscurity (n): For ESL students, English texts often have many obscurities.
slide19

Pace (n): the speed at which something happens or at which you do something such as move, work, etc.Pace (v): to walk backward and forward when you are waiting or worried about something.

  • He works at a good pace and does not easily get tired.
  • He paced back and forth whenever he was worried.
slide20

Philosophy (n): the study of what it means to exist, what good and evil are, what knowledge is, or how people should live; a set of ideas about these subjects; a set of beliefs about how you live your life, do your job, etc.

  • He lives his life devoted to an obscure philosophy of kindness to insects.
  • Philosophical (adj): She was philosophical about the rejection, and used it as therapy to start over.
  • Philosopher (n): one who studies or engages in philosophy
restaurant n a place where you can buy and eat a meal
Restaurant (n): a place where you can buy and eat a meal
  • Let’s go out to the new steak restaurant that is getting such good reviews!
slide22

Review (n): An act of carefully examining, considering, and judging a situation or processin context: a careful examination of research and scholarship.

  • The new steak restaurant got a good review in the newspaper.
  • Review (v): Let’s review the vocabulary words together.
steak n a thick flat piece of meat or fish
Steak (n): a thick, flat piece of meat or fish.
  • That old steak restaurant gets terrible reviews!
slide24
Therapy (n): the treatment of an illness or injury, or of a mental or emotional problem, especially without using drugs or surgery.
  • My husband will need physical therapy after his surgery.
  • It’s smart to get therapy if you are feeling depressed.
  • Therapist (n): My therapist says I should devote myself to being cheerful at least one hour every day.
thrill n a strong feeling of excitement or pleasure or something that makes you feel this
Thrill (n): a strong feeling of excitement or pleasure, or something that makes you feel this
  • I feel a thrill whenever I get a new book.
  • Thrilled (adj): She was just thrilled to be invited out to the restaurant.
  • Thrill (v): Scary movies thrill people.
  • Thrilling (adj): It’s thrilling to ride a roller coaster!