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Vocabulary Unit 1. Mrs. Williams English 9 and 9B. admonish (v.) to caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty. Synonyms: warn, call on the carpet Antonyms: praise, pat on the back EX:

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Vocabulary Unit 1


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    1. Vocabulary Unit 1 Mrs. Williams English 9 and 9B

    2. admonish (v.) to caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty • Synonyms: warn, call on the carpet • Antonyms: praise, pat on the back • EX: • The librarian had to admonish the noisy students several times before they settled down.

    3. breach (n.) an opening, gap, rupture, rift; a violation or infraction; (v.) to create an opening, break through • Antonyms: (v.) close, seal • EX: • (n.) Because of a serious breach of the rules, two players were ejected from the game. • (v.) Our troops were unable to breach the enemy’s lines during the battle.

    4. circumspect (adj.) careful, cautious • Synonyms: wary, prudent, guarded • Antonyms: incautious, rash, reckless, heedless • EX: • It is important for a diplomat to behave in a manner that is both discreet and circumspect.

    5. commandeer (v.) to seize for military or official use • Synonyms: take over, requisition, expropriate • EX: • Under certain circumstances the U.S. government has the right to commandeer private property.

    6. deadlock (n.) a standstill resulting from the opposition of two equal forces or factions; (v.) to bring to such a standstill • Synonyms: (n.) standoff, stalemate, impasse • Antonyms: (n.) agreement, accord, breakthrough • EX- • After fifteen innings, the score remained a frustrating 3-to-3 deadlock. • The refusal of labor management to modify their demands deadlocked the contract negotiations.

    7. debris (n.) scattered fragments, wreckage • Synonyms: rubble, detritus, flotsam and jetsam • EX: • After the storm, the beach was littered with driftwood and other debris.

    8. diffuse (v.) to spread or scatter freely or widely; (adj.) wordy, longwinded, or unfocused; scattered or widely spread • Synonyms: (v.) disperse; (adj.) rambling, verbose, prolix • Antonyms: (v.) concentrate; (adj.) brief, concise, succinct • EX: • The scent of lilacs slowly diffusedthrough the open window.

    9. efface (v.) to wipe out; to keep oneself from being noticed • Synonyms: blot out, erase, obliterate, expunge, worn away • Antonym: preserve • EX: • Time had effaced almost all signs of the struggle that took place on that famous battlefield.

    10. muddle (v.) to make a mess of; muddle through; to get by; (n.) a hopeless mess • Synonyms: (v.) jumble, mess up; (n.) confusion, disorder • Antonyms: (n.) orderliness, tidiness, neatness • EX: • Too much stress and too little sleep will almost certainly muddle a person’s ability to concentrate. • The muddlewas principally caused by their failure to carry out the general’s orders properly.

    11. opinionated (adj.) stubborn and often unreasonable in holding to one’s own ideas, having a closed mind • Synonyms: obstinate, pigheaded, inflexible • Antonyms: open-minded, reasonable • EX: • My boss is not too opinionated to listen to a reasonable proposal.

    12. perennial (adj.) lasting for a long time, persistent; (n.) a plant that lives for many years • Synonyms: (adj.) enduring, recurring • Antonyms: (adj.) brief, short-lived, fleeting, ephemeral • EX: • Pizza is a perennial favorite of young and old alike in the U.S. • A garden of perennials is relatively easy to maintain.

    13. predispose (v.) to incline beforehand • Synonyms: make susceptible to • Antonyms: immunize against, shield from • EX: • My genetic makeup seems to predispose me to colds and sore throats.

    14. salvage (v.) to save from fire or shipwreck; (n.) property thus saved • Synonyms: (v.) rescue, recover, retrieve, reclaim • Antonyms: (v.) abandon, scrap, junk; jettison • EX: • Fortunately, we were able to salvage a few things from the fire. • Salvage from sunken ships can be of great value to archaeologists and historians.

    15. spasmodic (adj.) sudden and violent but brief; fitful; intermittent • Synonyms: irregular, occasional • Antonyms: steady, continuous, chronic • EX: • Spasmodicflashes of lightning and booming thunderclaps were accompanied by torrential rain.

    16. unbridled (adj.) uncontrolled, lacking in restraint • Synonyms: unrestrained, unchecked • Antonyms: restrained, held in check, muted • EX: • Sometimes the unbridled enthusiasm of sports fans can get a little out of hand.