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Working with Writers of English as a Second Language. presented by Judith M. Davis, Director Writing Technology Laboratory. Understand how L1 knowledge may affect L2 usage. organization plagiarism word use/idioms grammar, style, and mechanics. English Oriental Russian . Semitic

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working with writers of english as a second language

Working with Writers of English as a Second Language

presented by

Judith M. Davis, Director

Writing Technology Laboratory

understand how l1 knowledge may affect l2 usage
Understand how L1 knowledge may affect L2 usage
  • organization
  • plagiarism
  • word use/idioms
  • grammar, style, and mechanics
slide3
English

Oriental

Russian

Semitic

Romance

Organization (adapted from Robert B. Kaplan, “Cultural Thought Patterns in Intercultural Education,” Language Learning 16:15)
organization
Organization
  • Teach American English discourse style
  • Clarify terms like thesis, topic sentence, paragraph
  • Encourage outlining
plagiarism
Plagiarism
  • Understand that “plagiarism” and “intellectual property” are culturally bound ideas
  • Teach expectations for American academic prose and requirements for documentation
  • Visit Research and Documentation Online: http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc
word use idioms
Word Use/Idioms
  • Understand that many English expressions are idiomatic
  • Encourage English dictionary use for phrasal verb complements
  • Encourage ESL dictionary use for expanded definitions and usage tips
  • Visit http://dictionary.cambridge.org/for links to many dictionaries, including ESL references
grammar style and mechanics
Grammar, Style, and Mechanics
  • Understand the causes of ESL error:
    • competence
      • basic grammar knowledge
      • language acquisition
    • performance
      • lack of editing awareness/skill
      • cognitive “stretch”
      • L1L2 interference
      • misapplication of rules
grammar style and mechanics8
Grammar, Style, and Mechanics
  • Anticipate typical ESL “troublespots”:
    • verbs
      • agreement
      • tense
      • modal + base verbs
      • gerunds vs. infinitives
    • articles
      • count vs. non-count nouns
      • definite vs. indefinite uses
grammar style and mechanics9
Grammar, Style, and Mechanics
  • Anticipate typical ESL “troublespots”:
    • modifiers
      • adjectives vs. nouns
      • adverb placement
      • participles as adjectives (e.g., confused vs. confusing)
    • prepositions
      • time and place
      • phrasal verb complements