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7-2.1, 7-2.2 Enlightenment and Governments. Limited Government Unlimited Government Divine Right Absolutism Constitutional Monarchy Revolution Heliocentric Theory Reason Excommunication Scientific Method. Find Definitions on pages 61-66 and 91-95

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7 2 1 7 2 2 enlightenment and governments
7-2.1, 7-2.2 Enlightenment and Governments
  • Limited Government
  • Unlimited Government
  • Divine Right
  • Absolutism
  • Constitutional Monarchy
  • Revolution
  • Heliocentric Theory
  • Reason
  • Excommunication
  • Scientific Method

Find Definitions on pages 61-66 and 91-95

Reason – The use of scientific and logical thinking, to draw conclusions about society.

types of governments

Types of Governments

Standard 7-2.1

1 unlimited government
1. Unlimited Government
  • European leaders believed that an absolute monarchy with unlimited power would unify a nation and make it stronger.
  • European monarchs believed their power came directly from God. This made them answer only to god. (Divine Right)
2 limited governments
2. Limited Governments
  • Some people wanted a limited government, one where power is restricted by the people.
  • This is the basis of American Democracy.
3 countries and their governments
3. Countries and their Governments
  • France and Russia both ruled through a monarchy, this gave them absolute power.
  • They limited freedoms by: Raising Taxes, Removing Parliament, and using the military to enforce their policies
  • England’s King John was forced to sign the Magna Carta in 1215, this made the king responsible under the law.
the scientific revolution

The Scientific Revolution

Standard: 7-2.2

http://www.history.com/shows/mankind-the-story-of-all-of-us/videos/mankind-the-story-of-all-of-us-scientific-revolution

1 scientific revolution
1. Scientific Revolution
  • In the 1500s, thinkers started gathering knowledge based on observation, experiments, and mathematics.
  • Their findings began a revolution in Science
2 astronomy
2. Astronomy
  • An Egyptian astronomer named Ptolemy started the Geocentric theory or “Earth” at the center of the universe.
  • The Catholic Church supported this theory.
  • It became heresy to say anything different about the State of the Universe
3 nicolaus copernicus
3. Nicolaus Copernicus
  • Copernicus came up with the idea of a Heliocentric theory or sun at the center of the universe.
  • He realized that his ideas would cause a lot of conflict with the Catholic Church.
  • He kept his work a secret until the end of his life out of fear of the church.
4 galileo galilei
4. Galileo Galilei
  • Challenged many of the old beliefs and proved that Copernicus was right.
  • Built a new telescope and with it found a lot of new information on our sun.
  • Arrested and tried by Catholic church for heresy
  • He was forced to take back many of his ideas.
5 isaac newton
5. Isaac Newton
  • Newton used reason and the scientific method to discover several laws that are still used today.
    • Principles of Light – Prism
    • Laws of gravity
  • Invented a new math called calculus.