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SONGS FOR THE DAY: WORD UP PowerPoint Presentation
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SONGS FOR THE DAY: WORD UP - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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SONGS FOR THE DAY: WORD UP

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  1. “HE HAS DISSOLVED REPRESENTATIVE HOUSES REPEATEDLY, FOR OPPOSING WITH MANLY FIRMNESS HIS INVASIONS OF THE RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE.” -COMPLAINT ABOUT KING GEORGE IN THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Daily Comment & Card SIGNED 1787, RATIFIED 1788 THE CONSTITUTION UNITED STATES OF AMERICA -Drafted at Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 -Included preamble and seven articles -Created a stronger federal government -Bill of Rights = first ten amendments and protects individual rights & freedoms SONGS FOR THE DAY: WORD UP

  2. “HE HAS DISSOLVED REPRESENTATIVE HOUSES REPEATEDLY, FOR OPPOSING WITH MANLY FIRMNESS HIS INVASIONS OF THE RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE.” -COMPLAINT ABOUT KING GEORGE IN THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Daily Comment & Card RATIFIED 1792 THE ELASTIC CLAUSE AND THE TENTH AMENDMENT -The 10th amendment restricts the federal government to the powers granted it by the constitution. Everything else goes to the state. -Article I, section 8 grants the government the power to make all laws “necessary and proper” for carrying out its powers -The conflict is determining if the federal government or the states has the power SONGS FOR THE DAY: CONSTITUTION PREAMBLE

  3. “HE HAS DISSOLVED REPRESENTATIVE HOUSES REPEATEDLY, FOR OPPOSING WITH MANLY FIRMNESS HIS INVASIONS OF THE RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE.” -COMPLAINT ABOUT KING GEORGE IN THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Daily Comment & Card SIGNED 1787, RATIFIED 1788 RATIFIED 1792 THE CONSTITUTION UNITED STATES OF AMERICA THE ELASTIC CLAUSE AND THE TENTH AMENDMENT -Drafted at Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 -Included preamble and seven articles -Created a stronger federal government -Bill of Rights = first ten amendments and protects individual rights & freedoms -The 10th amendment restricts the federal government to the powers granted it by the constitution. Everything else goes to the state. -Article I, section 8 grants the government the power to make all laws “necessary and proper” for carrying out its powers -The conflict is determining if the federal government or the states has the power SONGS FOR THE DAY: PREAMBLE

  4. “HE HAS DISSOLVED REPRESENTATIVE HOUSES REPEATEDLY, FOR OPPOSING WITH MANLY FIRMNESS HIS INVASIONS OF THE RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE.” -COMPLAINT ABOUT KING GEORGE IN THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Daily Comment & Card RATIFIED 1792 THE ELASTIC CLAUSE AND THE TENTH AMENDMENT GEORGE WASHINGTON -The 10th amendment restricts the federal government to the powers granted it by the constitution. Everything else goes to the state. -Article I, section 8 grants the government the power to make all laws “necessary and proper” for carrying out its powers -The conflict is determining if the federal government or the states has the power -FIRST PRESIDENT -unanimously elected -served two terms -set standard of leadership -declared Proclamation of Neutrality, keeping us out of European wars -Farewell Address warned against entangling alliances and political party factions SONGS FOR THE DAY: CONTROL

  5. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO: -analyze the influences of the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, Declaration of Independence, and the Articles of Confederation on the Constitution. -determine the major philosophical influences on the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution

  6. AFTER THE REVOLUTION… • ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION • SHAY’S REBELLION • CONSTITUTION • CONVENTION • COMPROMISES • RATIFICATION • BILL OF RIGHTS D. INFLUENCES

  7. A. ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION While Jefferson was writing the Declaration of Independence, John Dickinson drafted the first constitution for the United States— THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 1/11

  8. Under the articles: Central government had one body = CONGRESS Each state = 1vote unanimous vote required to amend the articles. Had the power to: Wage war, make treaties, send diplomats, and borrow money Could not: Tax or regulate trade 2/11

  9. Despite their weaknesses, they managed to: • Win the war • Establish a policy for western lands (Land Ordinance of 1785) • Set laws for creating new states (Northwest Ordinance of 1787) 3/11

  10. Problems with boundaries No power to tax, raise money Quarreling among states No respect from other countries Weak (no) executive Shays’ rebellion 4/11

  11. B. SHAYS’ REBELLION SHAYS’ REBELLION (rude awakening) The rebellion of farmers in 1787 provided the elite society with a “wake up call” about the need for a stronger central government… 5/11

  12. THE CONSTITUTION • 1. CONVENTION The Articles of Confederation stayed in place from 1781-1787… A convention was called with the “sole and express purpose” to revise the Articles of Confederation. 6/11

  13. THE CONSTITUTION • 2. COMPROMISES GREAT COMPROMISE(REPRESENTATION) • TWO HOUSES (BICAMERAL LEGISLATURE): • -SENATE(equal representation) • -HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES (population) House of Representatives Senate 7/11

  14. 3/5 COMPROMISE -SLAVERY ALREADY AN ISSUE 3/5 COMPROMISE IS… COUNT 3 OF EVERY 5 SLAVES FOR BOTH TAXATION AND REPRESENTATION.ESSENTIALLY SAYS A SLAVE IS NOT A WHOLE PERSON. 8/11

  15. 3 BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT: EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE JUDICIAL CHECKS AND BALANCES 9/11

  16. 9 OF 13 STATES NEED FOR RATIFICATION Federalists support the Constitution, Anti-Federalists do not. Washington is a Federalist…

  17. THE CONSTITUTION • 3. RATIFICATION The Federalist Papers(written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay) were written for a New York newspaper andpresented reasons for supporting the Constitution. The biggest objection to the constitution was overcomeby adding the Bill of Rights (first 10 amendments). 11/11+

  18. 4. BILLOF RIGHTS

  19. PHILOSOPHICAL INFLUENCES ON THE CONSTITUTION MONTESQUIEU Gives us the idea of “separation of powers”--each branch has it’s own duties SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORISTS GOVERNMENT IS A CONTRACT WITH THE PEOPLE HOBBES THE KING (AUTHORITY) HAS THE DUTY TO PROVIDE SECURITY. PEOPLE AGREE TO FORM A SOCIETY (BY UNANIMOUS CONSENT) AND GOVERNMENT (BY MAJORITY) IS RESPONSIBLE TO THEM. LESS GOVERNMENT = MORE FREEDOM LOCKE ROUSSEAU EACH MEMBER SURRENDERS RIGHTS TO THE COMMUNITY. THE GENERAL WILL IS ALWAYS RIGHT

  20. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yHp7sMqPL0g (PREAMBLE)