Social Partnership Models: Challenges to IR Actors. Dean Jorge V. Sibal UP SOLAIR. The Emerging New IR Models.
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Dean Jorge V. Sibal
(1999 DOLE Industrial Relations at the Workplace Survey)
1. Suggestion scheme, meeting, task force
2. Consultation- OSH Committee, SDWT, QC, LMC
3. Collective Bargaining, Collective Negotiation
4. Gain-sharing- Employee Coop & Enterprise, Profit Sharing, ESOP
5. Work Council, Employee representation in the governing board
a. Central Azucarera Don Pedro, Inc., Nasugbu, Batangas
b. Mabuhay Vinyl Corporation, Iligan City
c. Energizer Philippines, Mandaue, Cebu
d. Del Monte Philippines, Inc., Bukidnon
2. Employer initiatives in promoting good practices of corporate social responsibility (CSR) should be supported not only by their employees but also by other stakeholders. This was illustrated in both unionized and non-unionized establishments shown in this paper. Another example of this initiative is SM’s “Big Brother, Small Brother” partnership in job preservation and job creation.
3. The various social accords among employers, trade unions and government like the “Social Accord for Industrial Peace and Stability” signed in October 4, 2004 by ECOP, trade union federations (TUCP, FFW and TUPAS) and DOLE should be transformed into concrete activities, projects and programs and not limited to contract signing and publicity events.
4. The operations of the Tripartite Industrial Peace Council (TIPC) should be expanded to provincial, city, municipality, barangay and industry levels.
5. Trade union organizing and collective bargaining through RA No. 9481 should be supported by the social partners. As illustrated in the case studies, employers and trade union cooperation contributes to productivity and decent work. For those who opted for non-unionized form of social partnership, alternative interventions featured in this paper has resulted to the same outcomes- industry productivity, labor empowerment and improved working conditions.
6. The campaign of the IR actors for patronage of locally-made products following Philippine quality standards and the campaign against smuggling are effective mechanisms for job creation and job preservation. This is another area ripe for social partnership interventions.
7. The voluntary adoption of ESOP in Philippine enterprises can be refiled at the Philippine Congress now that the success of ESOP’s experiences in the country especially on PAL has shown very positive results.
8. Employee representation in the governing boards of government corporations like those at the University of the Philippines and tripartite representation at the GSIS, SSS, ECC, OWWA, etc. should be expanded to other state corporations, and possibly encouraged for adoption in private enterprises.
10. Voluntary compliance with the Philippine Quality Award Act (under RA No. 9013) should be given more incentives by the social actors. The PQA standards should be divided into various categories similar to the ISO standards (ISO 9000, 14,000, etc.). The social actors especially the civil society should campaign for patronage of PQA complaint enterprises.
10. Philippine retailers like SM should also champion compliance to all Philippine standards like DO No. 57-04 for labor standards, PS standards of DTI for electrical products, BFAD standards for food and drugs, ban in selling pirated DVDs and CDs of local films and music and other smuggled products.
11. The Securities and Exchange Commission should encourage elected employee representatives as possible occupants of the 2 seats allotted for independent directors for publicly-listed firms.
12. Social partnership should also be expanded among principals and subcontactors and suppliers. Big enterprises should extend educational and technical assistance to subcontractors and suppliers to enable them to comply with local and international quality standards in exchange for continuous patronage of their products and services.