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Psychology of Motivation . Myers Ch. 7A Daniel Pink, "Drive" . What motivates you?. Five theories. 1) Hedonic principle: experience pleasure/avoid pain Very Freudian/psychoanalytic Thanatos /Eros. Five Theories. 2) Instinct Theory—evolutionary/innate behavior Rooting instinct .

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psychology of motivation

Psychology of Motivation

Myers Ch. 7A

Daniel Pink, "Drive"

five theories
Five theories
  • 1) Hedonic principle: experience pleasure/avoid pain
  • Very Freudian/psychoanalytic
  • Thanatos/Eros
five theories1
Five Theories
  • 2) Instinct Theory—evolutionary/innate behavior
    • Rooting instinct
five theories2
Five theories
  • 3) Drive Theory –we are motivated to reduce a drive to return to homeostasis...i.e., food, sex, temperature
  • Hull’s drive reduction theory
  • What is NOT explained by this theory?
slide6

Watching sad movies

  • Climbing mountains
  • Attending college
  • Read books
  • Etc...
five theories3
Five Theories
  • 4) Arousal Theory—we are driven to experience stimulation—even if we are not hungry, have no desire to mate, and are perfectly physiologically content....we still do stuff.
  • 8A-2 and 8A-3
five theories4
Five theories
  • 5) Humanistic Theory: humans strive to obtain self-actualization
  • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
  • 8A-4 and 8A-5
the drive for hunger
The Drive for hunger
  • “Alive Clip”
the drive for hunger1
The drive for hunger
  • The hypothalamus
    • Lateral hypothalamus—on—ghrelin
    • Ventromedial hypothalamus—off—leptin
eating disorders
Eating disorders
  • Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa--
    • Multiple factors

*Cognitive

      • 1) distorted body image
      • 2) feelings of control

*Biological—primarily females

*Social—primarily females

eating disorders1
Eating disorders
  • Obesity—the average American is 18 pounds heavier than they were in the 1970s.
  • 40% of American women are too heavy to enlist in the military
  • In 1991 no state had an obesity rate of higher than 20%. Now CO is the only state below.
  • Causes? Biological, Social, evolutionary...
  • Hand outs 8A-7, 8, 9, & 10.
sexual motivation
Sexual Motivation
  • Johnson and Masters: Forty Studies
  • Sexual Attraction