April 4 – Factions And Power Agenda: • Cleavages and Political Factions • Anatomy of a Revolution Homework: • None Take Out: • Notebook • Pen/Pencil Goals: • Investigate the divisions that exist within Iran
Presidents of Iran 2013 1981 1997 1989 2005 Khamenei
But It’s still not that simple…factions Divide over ISSUES AS Well
Public Policy: economy Statists • Government active role • Policy goals include: • Redistribute land • Redistribute wealth • Eliminate unemployment • Finance Social Welfare Programs • Price restrictions on Consumer goods Free-marketers • Similar Market principles to the US • Liberal Economic Policies • Remove price controls • Lower business taxes • Encourage private enterprise • Balance the budget NOTE: Both factions are aligned in limiting the power of the democracy
Public Policy: Clerical Role in Economy and Politics Pragmatists • Traditionalists • Non-fanatic Islamic Republic – “politics corrupt faith” • Free market, foreign trade, private property • Improve relations with the west • Bazaari ties • Rural landowners Radicals • Hardliners • Extreme supporters of Islamic Revolution • Redistribute wealth • Greater role in economy • Opposed reconciliation • Younger more militant clerics • Enhance social justice
How they played into the populace • 1997 – Khatami calls for greater democracy – Reformists begin • Led by intellectuals and young people • Tehran Spring – political liberalization, more open economy, opening of civil society • 1999 – University protests, hundreds arrested and killed • 2004 – Hardliners Strike back • reformists banned – elections boycotted • Election 2005 • Rafsanjani and Ahmadinejad • Rafsanjani suffered from being unable to organize reformist vote behind him
Conservatives principles of regime Against modernization Wary of west Support right of clerics to run the political system Reformists international involvement with West Political leaders do not have to be clerics Less supervision of society Fewer powers to Guardian Council Open elections Public Policy:Policy-Making Factions
Election 2009? • Reformists (Moussavi) v. Hardliners (Ahm) OVERLAP • Pragmatists (Rafsanjani) v. Hardliners (Ahm) AND • Disrupted those who control behind the scenes.
Food for thought Discuss the following with your partner, and then write a response in your notebook: • What impact does this factionalism have on the people of Iran? • How do you think they react to the changes that take place as a result of these struggles?
Anatomy of a Revolution As we watch the video, look for the origins of the following things: • Shiite theology • Control of clerics • Support for democracy • Anti-western sentiment • Government power and legitimacy