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Introduction to food and the food industry

Introduction to food and the food industry

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Introduction to food and the food industry

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  1. Introduction to food and the food industry

  2. Food in modern society • Food is essential to life. • Do we have too little or too much? • Food insecurity vs overindulgence • The changing “face” of global food production.

  3. What are the societal roles of food? • Socialisation (commensality) • Celebrations. • Religious symbols. • To ease our stress.

  4. Current food trends • Agricultural production: • Organic, extensive, free range vs conventional production • Food processing • New preservation technologies for convenience vs fresh

  5. Current food trends, cont • Health foods … nutraceuticals vs foods for health • Junk foods vs junk eating habits

  6. Why are societal demands of the food industry changing? • Affluence • Question food production • Food as something to buy • Greater awareness of self-health

  7. The food industry: major segments of the world’s largest industry • Production • Manufacturing • Distribution • Marketing

  8. The food industry: product lines • Cereal & bakery products • Meats, fish & poultry • Dairy products • Fruits & vegetables • Sugars & confectionary • Fats & oils • Beverages (Commodity groups & product categories)

  9. Allied industries to the food industry “do not sell food directly but are involved in the food industry” • Packaging • Food colours and flavours • Chemical manufacturers • Machinery • Regulatory agencies

  10. Many food industries are global entities. • Nestle (Switzerland) • Unilever (UK/Netherlands) • Sara Lee (USA) • Cadbury Schweppes Plc. (UK) • Joseph E. Seagram & Sons (Canada) • Dole Food Co. (USA)

  11. History of Food Preservations • Historically • Gathering Food Material and Preparation Food • Hunting • Recently • Food Production • Food Processing or Manufacturing (New preservation technologies for convenience vs fresh) • Increasing World Population • Working women • safe Time • Distribution • Marketing • Health foods … nutraceuticals vs foods for health

  12. History of the food industry… Food Science Pioneers • Nicholas Appert, 1795 • First Thermal Processing Techniques (Canning) • Ferdinand Carre (1859) • Ammonia Compression Freezing • Mege-Mouries (1860) • Margarine • Louis Pasteur (1867) • Pasteurisation of milk and juices • Clarence Birdseye (1920) • Plate Freezer