Module 2 Research Strategies How Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions -I-. Our intuition and common sense. Hindsight Bias we tend to believe, after learning an outcome, that we would have foreseen it the “I-knew-it-all-along” phenomenon Overconfidence
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How Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions
We overestimate our own intuition
an explanation that integrates principles and organizes and predicts behavior or events.
a testable prediction, often prompted by a theory, to enable us to accept, reject or revise the theory.
If there is a serious fuel shortage this winter, do you think there should be a law requiring people to lower the heat in their homes, or do you oppose such a law?
Should be 39.4 %
Oppose 60.6 %
If there is a serious fuel shortage this winter, do you think there should be a law requiring people to lower the heat in their homes, or do you oppose such a law because it would be too difficult to enforce?
Should be 26.0 %
Oppose 74.0 %How do we ask questions?
2. To predict human and animal behavior and mental processes, psychologists conduct
- Correlational studies: the examination of the quantitative relationships between two or more variables
(positive or negative)
r = +.37
(0.00 to 1.00)
Three Possible Cause-Effect Relationships