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Writing a research report. ESL/ALP 108 Integrated Studies. The Process. Choose a topic Gather materials Narrow the topic Formulate a research question Research in-depth Write the introduction and thesis Write the body Write the conclusion Write the bibliography. Choose a topic.

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writing a research report
Writing aresearch report

ESL/ALP 108 Integrated Studies

the process
The Process
  • Choose a topic
  • Gather materials
  • Narrow the topic
  • Formulate a research question
  • Research in-depth
  • Write the introduction and thesis
  • Write the body
  • Write the conclusion
  • Write the bibliography
choose a topic
Choose a topic
  • Choose a topic in your field of study. Write about something you are interested in to lead you to a question you have about something particular in your field.
gather materials
Gather materials
  • Once you have chosen a general topic, gather materials (periodicals, scholarly articles, lecture videos, professional articles) to explore information that exists on your topic.
  • Take notes on the information you find and keep a list of all materials in a ‘dump document’.
narrow your topic
Narrow your topic
  • Assume your topic is too broad. When a topic is too broad, it will not allow you to do an in-depth analysis and demonstrate critical thinking.
  • In graduate writing you need a narrowed topic in order to explore the topic in detail.
formulate a research question
Formulate a research question
  • Develop a question or discover a controversy related to your topic to show your perspective.
  • Your job is to present your own perspective and use the research to support your idea.
  • This question will

be the springboard

for the thesis.

in depth research
In-depth research
  • Search the databases for scholarly and professional articles on your narrowed topic.
  • You need to collect and refer to a minimum of four articles in your research paper.
  • You may find the need to narrow your topic even more as you complete your in-depth research.
  • Write a source list with annotations.
write your introduction
Write your introduction
  • The introduction to your research paper will present the overall topic and your thesis, the key argument you want to prove in your paper.
  • The introduction can include the following
    • First, an attention getter on the general topic or an extended definition of the key topic.
    • Second, the supporting sentences with general background information on the topic
    • Last, a thesis with the main argument of the paper.
the thesis
The thesis
  • The thesis is one or two complete sentences at the end of the introduction that express the key argument you will prove in your paper.
  • The thesis must be
    • clear and direct - not vague language
    • a statement that is not posed as a question
    • in third person only
body paragraphs
Body paragraphs
  • The body of the research paper includes three sections.
    • Literature review – summarize what the current research shows in relation to your topic.
    • Presentation of your view – explain and develop the support for your ideas on the topic.
    • Implications/effects of your view – explain the effects/results and the importance of your idea.
conclusion
Conclusion
  • The conclusion is your last effort to convince the reader that your idea is valid.
  • Write strong, direct sentences that give the main points of your paper and propose what may happen in the future.
  • Do not give new points in the conclusion.
  • Do not begin the conclusion with overused transitions, such as ‘In conclusion’ or ‘In summary’; use a concluding phrase instead.
bibliography and citations
Bibliography and citations
  • The bibliography is a list of all sources used to write your research paper.
  • The bibliography and all in-text citations must be in APA style.
requirements
Requirements
  • ~ 2000 words
  • 12-point font
  • Times New Roman or Arial
  • 1” margins
  • double-spaced
  • title page per APA style
  • black ink / white paper