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  1. Splash Screen

  2. Big Ideas Trade, War, and MigrationImmigrants from Europe and those brought by force from Africa greatly increased the population of the American colonies in the 1700s. Section 5-Main Idea

  3. Content Vocabulary • slave code • rationalism • pietism • revival Academic Vocabulary • contract • widespread Section 5-Key Terms

  4. People and Events to Identify • Cotton Mather • Stono Rebellion • John Locke • Baron Montesquieu • Jonathan Edwards • George Whitefield Section 5-Key Terms

  5. A B Do you have strong feelings about the treatment of slaves in colonial America? A. Yes B. No Section 5-Polling Question

  6. Colonial America Grows The American colonies experienced tremendous growth due to high birth rates, long life spans, and immigration. Section 5

  7. Colonial America Grows (cont.) • The population of the American colonies grew rapidly in the eighteenth century. • Factors contributing to population growth: • high birth rate • improved housing and sanitation Ethnic Diversity in Colonial America, 1760 Section 5

  8. Colonial America Grows (cont.) • inoculations against smallpox—Cotton Mather, a Puritan leader, promoted this method. • immigration—About 300,000 European immigrants arrived between 1700 and 1775. Ethnic Diversity in Colonial America, 1760 Section 5

  9. Colonial America Grows (cont.) • Women did not have equal rights in colonial America—they could not own property or make contracts or wills if they were married. • Slavery developed slowly in the Chesapeake colonies; in 1705, Virginia created a slave codeand other colonies followed suit. • By the early 1700s, slavery had become generally accepted in colonial society. The Atlantic Slave Trade, c. 1500–1800 Section 5

  10. Colonial America Grows (cont.) • In 1739 a group of Africans rebelled against their white overseers and tried to escape from South Carolina to Spanish Florida. • The militia quickly ended the Stono Rebellion. The Atlantic Slave Trade, c. 1500–1800 Section 5

  11. A B C D E Which of the following was forbidden to Africans according to the slave code? A.Owning property B.Testifying against whites in court C.Moving about freely D.Assembling in large number E. All of the above Section 5

  12. New Ideas The ideas of the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening made the colonists question their role as subjects of the English monarchy. Section 5

  13. New Ideas (cont.) • Enlightenment thinkers came to believe that natural laws applied to social, political, and economic relationships, and that people could figure out these laws if they employed reason. • This emphasis on logic and reasoning was known as rationalism. Section 5

  14. New Ideas (cont.) • One of the earliest and most influential Enlightenment writers was John Locke. • Works by Locke: • Two Treatises of Government • Essay on Human Understanding Section 5

  15. New Ideas (cont.) • Jean Jacques Rousseauand Baron Montesquieuare two other Enlightenment writers. • While some Americans turned away from a religious worldview, others renewed their Christian faith. • Many Americans embraced a European religious movement called pietism, which stressed an emotional union with God. Section 5

  16. New Ideas (cont.) • Ministers held revivals, and this widespread resurgence of religious fervor became known as the Great Awakening. • In 1734 a Massachusetts preacher named Jonathan Edwardshelped launch the Great Awakening. • George Whitfield, an Anglican minister from England, also attracted and inspired many listeners. Section 5

  17. A B C D E Whose writing about natural rights had an influence on the leaders who wrote the United States Constitution? A.John Locke B.Jean Jacques Rousseau C.Baron Montesquieu D.Jonathan Edwards E. George Whitfield Section 5

  18. Section 5-End

  19. Figure 11

  20. slave code  a set of laws that formally regulated slavery and defined the relationship between enslaved Africans and free people Vocab29

  21. rationalism  philosophy that emphasizes the role of logic and reason in gaining knowledge Vocab30

  22. pietism  movement in the 1700s that stressed an individual’s piety and an emotional union with God Vocab31

  23. revival  large public meeting for preaching and prayer Vocab32

  24. contract  a binding legal document between two parties Vocab33

  25. widespread  having influence on or affecting a large group; widely diffused or prevalent Vocab34