Metaphysical Poetry – 17th century. A witty, intellectual, ornamental poetry The term ‘metaphysical” was used by Augustan poets to reprove „unnaturalness”. Unnaturalness? Or intricacy and originality? Metaphysical conceit. 1572 – 1631 From a Roman Catholic family
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How little that which thou deniest me is;
Me it sucked first, and now sucks thee,
And in this flea our two bloods mingled be;
Thou know’st that this cannot be said
A sin, or shame, or loss of maidenhead,
Yet this enjoys before it woo,
And pampered swells with one blood made of two,
And this, alas, is more than we would do.
Oh stay, three lives in one flea spare,
Where we almost, nay more than married are.
This flea is you and I, and this
Our mariage bed and mariage temple is;
Though parents grudge, and you, we are met,
And cloisterd in these living walls of jet.
Though use make you apt to kill me,
Let not to that, self-murder added be,
And sacrilege, three sins in killing three.
Cruel and sudden, hast thou since
Purpled thy nail in blood of innocence?
Wherein could this flea guilty be,
Except in that drop which it sucked from thee?
Yet thou triumph’st, and say'st that thou
Find’st not thy self, nor me the weaker now;
’Tis true; then learn how false, fears be:
Just so much honor, when thou yield’st to me,
Will waste, as this flea’s death took life from thee.
But at my back I always hearTime's winged chariot hurrying near;And yonder all before us lieDeserts of vast eternity.Thy beauty shall no more be found,Nor, in thy marble vault, shall soundMy echoing song; then worms shall tryThat long preserv'd virginity,And your quaint honour turn to dust,And into ashes all my lust.The grave's a fine and private place,But none I think do there embrace.
Now therefore, while the youthful hueSits on thy skin like morning dew,And while thy willing soul transpiresAt every pore with instant fires,Now let us sport us while we may;And now, like am'rous birds of prey,Rather at once our time devour,Than languish in his slow-chapp'd power.Let us roll all our strength, and allOur sweetness, up into one ball;And tear our pleasures with rough strifeThorough the iron gates of life.Thus, though we cannot make our sunStand still, yet we will make him run.Andrew Marvel „To His Coy Mistress”
The ”long eighteenth century” = 1688 – 1832
Other ways of organizing the 18th century:
- 1688 to 1837 (Victoria ascends the throne)
The Glorious Revolution
(James II was replaced by William III)
But who is the inventor???
Many theories, but the traditional view is that the Father of the novel is Daniel Defoe.
Other „fathers of the novel” are: Henry Fielding Jonathan Swift and Samuel Richardson.
or Virtue Rewarded”
„Love in Excess”
„The Secret History of
"Jane Daughter of the Revd Mr George Austen Rector of this Parish, & Cassandra his wife was Privately Baptizd Decr 17th 1775 Rec'd into the Church April 5th 1776"
Educated in school (needlework, French, spelling, dancing, music) and at home