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Research Project Number: UNAAB/IFSERAR/IRG 28 Title of Research Project: Impact of Climate change on people’s livelihoods, wildlife Resources and food security in southwestern Nigeria Investigating Team: Oyatogun, M. O. O.;Shotuyo, A. L. A.;Oyedepo, J.;Soaga, J.A. Objectives of Study:
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Title of Research Project:
Impact of Climate change on people’s livelihoods, wildlife Resources and food security in southwestern Nigeria
Oyatogun, M. O. O.;Shotuyo, A. L. A.;Oyedepo, J.;Soaga, J.A.
All these indicated sole dependence on the protected area wildlife resources .
Significantly higher and better herb stratum layer conditions and soil physicochemical properties were recorded for the protected areas than its adjoining free area.
number of undergrowth stand and
total height of tree species than unprotected areas
The protected areas also indicated higher
soil organic matter content,
total nitrogen and phosphorous.
Although, the forest cover changes are probably largely due to human perturbation than natural phenomena, but conditions of the lower atmosphere as observed from satellite data revealed gross departures from what it used to be 20 years before the new millennium.
Soil moisture, relative humidity and land surface temperatures (LSTs at night and in the day) have been grossly altered.
The largest undisturbed natural forest remaining is the 4.6 km2 Strict Nature Reserve (SNR) found in western Omo.
Although, the forest cover changes are probably
Life forms such as African Giant snails (Archatina achatina and Archatina marginata),
Larvae of bombardia beetles (Oryctes boas), grubs (Coleoptera sp) and larvae of butterflies and moth (Lepidoptera sp), Termites (Macroternes bellicosus and Macroternes natalensis sp), Crickets (Brachystrupes membranaceus) Giant silk worm moths (Cirina forda);and mammals such as Cephalopus maxwellii, C.rufilatus and Protoxerus stangeri are no longer in abundance as they were before.
The rainfall distribution pattern and regime were also found to have been considerably altered.
The precise time to begin planting in the south western Nigeria can no longer be ascertained due to irregularity in rainfall distribution pattern.