EPE – Calories- Law of Conservation of Energy and Work-Energy Theorem

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# EPE – Calories- Law of Conservation of Energy and Work-Energy Theorem - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

EPE – Calories- Law of Conservation of Energy and Work-Energy Theorem. Another type of PE is… Elastic Potential Energy( EPE) Energy stored in an obj. at its stretched or compressed state. Obj. will return to its original or relaxed length. Elastic Potential Energy.

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### EPE – Calories-Law of Conservation of Energyand Work-Energy Theorem

Another type of PE is…Elastic Potential Energy( EPE)Energy stored in an obj. at its stretched or compressed state.Obj. will return to its original or relaxed length.
Elastic Potential Energy
• EPE or Uel = ½ k x2

EPE - elastic potential energy, J

• k - spring constant- STIFFNESS, N/m

(indicates how easily a material stretches or compresses

‘higher k  stiffer material’

• x – the distance the spring is stretched or compressed

from relaxed length ( x = ℓs - ℓr ) or ( x = ℓr - ℓc )

( ℓr = relaxed length )

( ℓs = stretched length ) or ( ℓc = compressed length )

So, Where do Calories fit in w/Energy?
• Work can’t be done w/out _____________.
• The unit for Energy is ______________.
• The UNIT of HEAT ENERGY is calorie.
• It is = to 4.18 J ( Note the small “c” )
• A calorie is the heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 g of water 1°C.
• The UNIT for FOOD ENERGY is Calorie.
• (Note the Big “C” )
• 1 Calorie = 1000 calories
Law of Conservation of Energy
• Energy cannot be created nor destroyed, only changed to another __________.
• Same as the Law of Conservation of Mass
• Mass/ Matter in a closed syst. cannot be created nor destroyed only conserved.
Law of Conservation of Energy states..

The total energy of a closed,

isolated system is constant

KE1 + GPE1 + EPE1 = KE2 + GPE2 +EPE2

OR

½ mv12 + mgh1 + ½ kx12 = ½ mv2 2 + mgh2 + ½ kx2 2

OR

GPE(t)op + KE(t)op = GPE(b)ottom + KE(b)ottom

Work-Energy Theorem-KE

According to the Work-Energy theorem,

the work done on an object, by the net

force acting on it, is equal to the change

in kinetic energy of the body

Work = Δ KE

F*d = KEf – KEi

F*d = ½ m vf 2 – ½ m vi2

F*d = ½ m (vf2 – vi2)

Work Energy Theorem-GPE
• When work is done, potential energy can also be changed.