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A Walk around Minnesota

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By Breeanna Roberg. A Walk around Minnesota. Minnesota…. Has three major biomes Prairie lands Coniferous forests Deciduous forests Minnesota can be broken up into many different sub-divisions Each sub-division has a set of qualities that makes them slightly more specific to the area. .

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  • Has three major biomes
    • Prairie lands
    • Coniferous forests
    • Deciduous forests
  • Minnesota can be broken up into many different sub-divisions
    • Each sub-division has a set of qualities that makes them slightly more specific to the area.
  • Sub-divisions
    • The Arrowhead
      • Iron ranges
    • The Prairies
    • Bluffs
    • Red River valley
    • Bogs
  • This area is part of the coniferous forest
    • Meaning trees with needles
    • Consisting of pines and fir
  • Animals
    • Wolves
    • Bears
    • Elk
    • moose
ely minnesota
Ely Minnesota
  • Started out as a small mining town with a total of 5 mines altogether
    • Together they produced more than eighty million tons of Iron Ore
    • They were shut down in 1967
  • Now the town depends on recreation including
    • Canoe trips
    • Boat trips
    • Fly fishing trips
international wolf center
International Wolf Center
  • An exhibit at the science museum triggered interest within the population and needed a permanent home
    • Why Ely?
      • S. Olson and M. Stenlund were conducting modern research here and was an obvious fit.
international wolf center1
International Wolf Center
  • What does it offer
    • A chance to see the resident wolf pack
    • Video presentations, howling trips, radio track, snowshoe treks, family activities, dog sledding, and flights over wolf country
boundary waters canoe area wilderness bwcaw
Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCAW)
  • The most popular wilderness area in the United States
  • The forests were logged in the early 1900’s
    • In 1909 it became critical to save this area and 1.2 million acres were named the Superior Refuge
      • Today the BWCAW includes a million acres of wilderness
  • Landscape
    • Large old white pines
    • Many rocky lakes
  • Animal life
    • Bald eagles
    • Moose
    • Loons
    • Beavers
    • And of course your friendly pack of wolves
  • Soudan Mine
    • First successful mine on the range
    • Shaft mine that opened in 1884
    • A cable car takes you 2,000 feet below the surface
    • The ore found here was expensive to harvest because it was so hard to get to
    • It is now an underground laboratory used by the University of Minnesota High Energy Physics Lab
mesabi range the range
Mesabi Range “The Range”
  • Became the states leading iron range
  • The Iron found at this range was only onthe surface or under glacial deposits which are not thick
  • They were Ore pockets not bodies usually 200 to 500 feet deep.
general make up
General make up…
  • Towns
    • Most towns in this area were created because of the surrounding economy
      • When a mine popped up people needed supplies and a town soon formed
      • When the logging camps were set up, towns with the things they needed followed soon after.
  • Why didn’t people ever farm here?
    • It took too long to clear the forests from the land and the amount that the soil produced was not large enough to make a profit from it.
    • Because in the frontier days it was inaccessible
      • Railroads didn’t go this far
      • There were not any rivers that connected to the Mississippi River for steamboats to carry the immigrants
leech lake indian reservation
Leech Lake Indian Reservation
  • Created by the 1855 treaty
    • The Ojibwe lost most of their land… however they were able to keep this
  • most of the area was logged in the early 1900’s
leech lake indian reservation1
Leech Lake Indian Reservation
  • Control
    • State still has criminal and some civil jurisdiction
    • The tribe controls hunting, fishing, activities
      • They also have their own day care and college
leech lake dam
Leech Lake Dam
  • Remains the longest dam and stretches 3,500 feet across
  • It raised Leech Lake a full 4 to 7 feet after completion
  • It was built because Minneapolis needed a steady water flow along the Mississippi river because it was such a large producer of flour
  • It was the second dam built by the Army Corp of Engineers
wild rice
Wild Rice
  • It makes up 25% of the diet on the reservation
  • It became an important cash crop although it is fairly hard to harvest
  • In the summer they make the lakes look like prairies instead of swamps
  • Passed down from generation to generation it was common knowledge within the Indian population to “live where the food grows on water”
  • Sits on top of hills left by the last glacier and it over-looks leech lake (Ga-sagasquadjimekagsagaiigum (place-of-the-leech-lake)) named by the Ojibwe tribe
  • Was created because of the lumber industry and the placement of the railroad
  • Known today for mostly hunting and fishing
cass lake
Cass Lake
  • Located in Cass Lake is
    • Lyle’s Logging Camp
      • Is a museum dedicated to a man who spent a large part of his life in the woods and wanted to make sure that the lifestyle got preserved
cass lake1
Cass Lake
  • Located in Cass Lake is
    • Headquarters for the Chippewa National Forest which has a Finnish heritage
    • Also the headquarters for the consolidated Ojibwe Indian Agency
      • Which oversees seven reservations
star island
Star Island
  • Why is Star Island so unique?
    • Because it is an island inside of Cass Lake that also has another lake inside of it
    • The only lake inside of a lake in the States
    • The lake
      • Named Lake Windigo
itasca state park
Itasca state park
  • Contains
    • the source of the Mississippi River (Lake Itasca)
    • 157 lakes in all
    • Original structures from 1905
itasca state park1
Itasca State Park
  • Contains
    • About 25% of the original trees in Minnesota
    • Largest Red and white pines that still stand in the state
    • Virgin Norway pine that is over 200 years old
  • Landscape
    • Leech, Cass and Winnibigoshish were created by glacial lake Agassiz
    • The area is very swampy
    • Not the original forest
      • Hardwoods and pine spot the continuous forests of Aspen
the storefront
The storefront
  • Many towns in this region still have their main street although they may be deserted for the most part except for the few local restaurants
  • Each town has something special about them for instance
    • Akeley has the largest statue of Paul Bunyan and Babe the blue ox!
    • Lake Windigo is a lake within an island within a lake


  • Waterfowl
  • Bald Eagles
  • Wild turkeys
  • Coyotes
  • foxes
  • Along with many other songbirds
  • The forests that surround the bluffs are so dense that low growing plants are hard to come by
  • Trees
    • Oak-hickory forests
    • Maple basswood forests
    • Pine plantations
  • The landscape was not touched by the youngest glacier coverage and therefore refrains from showing much glacial drift
  • The landscape is diverse and consists of
    • Rock cliffs
    • Steep valleys
    • Uplands
    • Old fields
red wing
Red Wing
  • Red Wing’s many names
    • Now known as the Barn Bluff
    • French called it La Grange
    • Dakota tribe names
      • Proymueche- Mountain in water
      • Hemminnicha- wood, water and hill
red wing logo
Red Wing logo
  • Used to be used as a tailsman for Dakota chiefs
  • Now used as the Red Wing shoe companylogo
    • Established in 1905
    • In 1915 it signed a contract with the U.S. Army to produce 200,000 shoes a day
    • Now it produces around two million a day
  • The landscapes along the prairies are usually flat
  • Farming is common in the prairie because the land is so flat and very fertile
  • Trees are scarce along the prairies because of the fires that come every so often
    • The trees don’t have enough time to grow big enough to make it to the next fire
  • Crops that are grown consists mostly of
    • Corn
    • Wheat
    • Soybeans
    • sugar beats
  • The soil on the prairie is very fertile due to the dense roots of the grasses
    • Because the roots are so dense it was hard to plow and become farmland until the invention of a more modern plow that would cut the roots instead of trying to uproot them
  • Crop rotation
    • A farmer has to have a varitey of crops that he grows on his farm because of crop rotation
    • When a particular plant grows on a field it takes a certain nutrient from the earth making it insufficient in that nutrient
      • When a farmer rotates the crops it gives that section of farmland the ability to gain that nutrient back
  • Dairy farming
    • Is on the decline in Minnesota because smaller farms are harder to run
      • Most dairy farms are undersized and need a minimum of 500 cow to survive.
  • Dairy
    • People need to invest in the modern technology
      • Problem with this is that it is so expensive and that the profit produced from the sales is not high enough for the up-grade
  • Dry
    • Occur when the evapotranspirtation is greater than the amount of precipitation that falls
    • Dotted blazing star along with the prickly pear grow in these types of environments
  • Mesic
    • Occur in transition of the two or where there is a morraine
    • The butterfly flower and asters are commonly found here
  • Wet
    • The ground is saturated with water where the roots can meet them
    • Wood Lilly grows here along with the blue flag iris and cat-tails
  • A 100 years ago the town was know for milling mostly at Arnes Mill
  • The local economy is agriculture
  • Home of ….
    • Malt-O-Meal
    • St Olaf college
    • Carleton college
  • St. Olaf college (patron saint of Norway)
    • It’s known for it’s music programs
    • O. E. Rolvaag
      • Patron of saint at St. Olaf
      • Wrote Giants in the Earth
        • It’s remarkable novel about life on the prairies
    • Howard V. Hong and Edna H Kierkegaard library
      • The library has some of the best philosophy resources around
  • Carelton
    • founded in 1866 by New England congregationalists
    • On the list for top ten small school in the state
    • Famous alumnus T. Veblen
      • Founder of institutional economics
        • Economic transactions are affected by social habits and legal institutions
big stone lake
Big Stone Lake
  • The shores are coated with exposed bedrock
    • Granite
    • gneiss
    • left behind by glacial Lake Agassiz
big stone lake1
Big Stone Lake
  • The landscape here is spotted with small towns few and far between
  • The area is know for
    • Hiking and camping
    • Fishing
      • Great Walleye area
    • Boating
      • Rentals are available
big stone lake2
Big Stone Lake
  • Used to be a sight for canning corn
  • Annual Corn festival
    • Held on the first couple of days in September
    • First one was held in 1931
      • The corn for the festival was donated by the local canning company
works cited
Works cited
  •[email protected]
works cited cont
Works cited(cont.)