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Gender and Children. Nature vs. Nurture . How are gender roles created? Innate Socially Constructed Parentally Constructed Individually Constructed All of the Above?. Gender Flexibility: Good or Bad?. Gender Identity gives a sense of belonging to children

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Presentation Transcript
nature vs nurture
Nature vs. Nurture
  • How are gender roles created?
    • Innate
    • Socially Constructed
    • Parentally Constructed
    • Individually Constructed
    • All of the Above?
gender flexibility good or bad
Gender Flexibility: Good or Bad?
  • Gender Identity gives a sense of belonging to children
  • Strict Adherence to gender roles leads to
    • Construction of the Other
    • Suppression of counter interests/impulses
    • Hierarchical thinking
boy girl culture
Boy & Girl Culture
  • Emotion
  • Play
  • Morality
  • Exclusion Zones
boy culture emotion
Boy Culture: Emotion
  • Emotional Development – suppressed by the male stereotype that “boys don’t cry”
    • Male play seen as disruptive (counter-culture to school behavior)/ sets up resentment/suppression
    • Mastery is a primary motivation which can lead to rebellion, aggression, high activity
    • “created” by innate preference, channeling through toys & social messages (people & media)
    • Emotional expression isn’t nurtured and/or well received
    • Punishment is often physical/intimidation
boy culture emotion1
Boy Culture: Emotion
  • Effects of emotional suppression
    • Anxiety
    • Anger
    • Lack of Empathy
    • Depression (85% of teen suicides are male)
    • Violence
boy culture emotion2
Boy Culture: Emotion
  • How do we counter the belief “Boys Don’t Cry”? (Beliefs are Based on Perceptions)
    • Give boys permission to have an internal life

Validate emotional expression/Vocab

    • Recognize and accept high activity/safe zone
    • Talk to boys in their own language: Be direct, let them be problem solvers (How angry are you? What can we do about it?)
    • Teach boys that emotional courage and empathy are strengths
    • Use discipline to build character (boundaries/punishment)
    • Model manhood with emotional attachment/flexibility
girl culture emotions
Girl Culture: Emotions
  • Girls are overly emotional
    • Emotion seen as unnecessary or illogical
    • Emotion is seen as a weakness
    • Empathy, attachment, and the emphasis on relationships can lead girls to develop complex and difficult social groups as they age.
    • Avoidance of conflict and anything that will “hurt”
girl culture emotion
Girl Culture: Emotion
  • Validating a girl’s emotions
    • Seeing emotional courage and empathy as a strength
    • Teaching conflict resolution through consensus vs. win/lose
    • Develop critical analysis vs. emotional reaction skills (older girls/ “hurting animals”
boy culture play
Boy Culture: Play
  • Play is based on mastering new physical skills
  • They often establish power relationships within their play
  • Conflict is something to be mastered (battle)
  • It’s a bonding & acculturating ritual
  • Reinforced by marketing of toys, socializing groups, and the media
  • Gender flexibility (i.e. dolls) seen as “sick” or “strange”
girl culture play
Girl Culture: Play
  • Play emphasizes narrative with relationships
  • Conflict is something to be peacefully resolved (reform)
  • Reinforced by marketing of toys, socializing groups, and the media
  • Gender flexibility (Tom Boys) seen as a phase
  • Dolls are not inherently sexist/antifeminist. They can be opened toys that allow for imaginative play
  • Girl Culture is seen as less “valuable”
  • Girls don’t see that the world doesn’t fully validate their culture until adolescence
kids and morality
Kids and Morality
  • Maturity in moral reasoning (Piaget & Kohlberg) was traditionally evaluated based on a child’s ability to develop a hierarchical understanding of logic
    • For instance, the ability to prioritize responsibilities – this is a “male” trait
    • The “female” traits of moral reasoning have therefore been overlooked and/or established as other
    • These traits are different not good/bad
boy culture morality
Boy Culture: Morality
  • Boys are more likely to justify a given choice by specific criteria
  • Boys prefer clear cut rules that determine moral behavior (laws)
  • They tend to depersonalize the situation to be fair and objective
  • They tend to prioritize responsibilities
  • Self is defined as separate/assessed by an ideal
girl culture morality
Girl Culture: Morality
  • Girls explain a particular choice by discussing the nature of choice
  • In conflict, they seek to understand the network of relationships in question: whose needs are meet/whose aren’t – How does this make them feel
  • Self defined through connection and measured through “activities of care”
gender zones of exclusion
Gender Zones of Exclusion
  • Kids seeking a sense of belonging will exclude children based on their inability to meet subject role expectations – gender
  • Gender Bias in teachers/parents
    • Play – female teachers condone girl culture
    • Emotion- emotional expression in boys isn’t validated
    • Education- gendered subjects (i.e. Math-Boys)
    • Morality-Male moral development scientifically validated
so now what
So Now What?
  • Knowing
    • Gender Expectations
    • Gender Biases
    • Gender Exclusions
    • Gender Bonding/Inclusion

Allows you to addresses biases/exclusions and facilitate bonding and inclusion