U.S. History 1st Quarter Final Exam Review 2014 G. Nakata
Topics for Final Exam • Qualifications of the branches of government. • 3 branches/levels of government. • Roles of the President. • Presidential Cabinet. • Washingtonʻs Farewell Address. • The Ideals of Hamilton and Jefferson.
Q: Name the 3 branches of government? A: Executive, Legislative, Judicial
Q: What are the 3 levels of government? A: National/Federal, State, City/Local
Q: A Presidential candidate must be at least how old? A: 35 years old
Q: A Presidential candidate must be what type of “born” citizen? A: Natural Born (born in America)
Q: How many years must a Presidential candidate be a U.S. citizen? A: 14 years
Q: How many years is a term for the president? A: 4 years
Q: How many terms can a President serve? A: 2 terms (8 years)
Q: What is the role of the Executive Branch of government? A: To Enforce or carry out laws.
Q: The head of the executive branch is who? A: The President
Q: What is the role of the Legislative Branch of government? A: Makes U.S. laws
Q: Name the “two houses” that make up the Legislative branch. A: The Senate and the House of Representatives.
Q: A U.S. representative must at least how old? A: 25 years old.
Q: A U.S. representative must be a U.S. citizen for how long? A: 7 years.
Q: How long is a term for a U.S. representative? A: 2 years.
Q: The number of U.S. Representatives a state has is based on the states…….? A: population ( 1 rep per 600,000 people)
Q: What is the name of the position that is the leader of the House of Representatives? A: Speaker of the House
Q: How many U.S. Senators are there in large populated state of California? • A: Two • Two Senators per state no matter of • population.
Q: How old must a Senator be? A: 30 years old.
Q: How many years does a U.S. Senator have to be a U.S. citizen? A: 9 years.
Q: How many years does a U.S. Senatorʻs term last? A: 6 years.
Q: Both the U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate must be a resident ______________________? A: in the state elected in.
Q: How many terms can both the U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate be elected to? A: unlimited.
Q: Who fulfills the role of President of the Senate? A: The Vice-President
Q: The Vice President takes over as President if the President dies or cannot serve. The Speaker of the House takes over if the Vice President cannot serve. What is this called? A: Presidential Succession
Q: Who has the power to impeach(bring charges against) the President? A: The House of Representatives
Q: Who is the “judge and jury” in an impeachment trial of the President? A: The Senate
Q: What is the role of the Judicial branch? A: Interpret laws
Q: What is the highest court in the nation? A: The U.S. Supreme Court
Q: How many Justices are currently on the U.S. Supreme Court? A: 9
Q: What is a justice? A: a judge
Q: Breakdown the titles of the 9 U.S. Supreme Court Justices? A: 1 Chief Justice, 8 Associate Justices
Q: Who appoints a justice? A: The President
Q: Who approves a justice? A: The Senate
Q: How long is a U.S. Supreme Court Justiceʻs term last? A: A lifetime
Q: Aside from “interpreting the Constitution,” what are the other two responsibilities of the U.S. Supreme Court? A: “Reviewing Laws” and “Deciding Cases involving states rights.”
Q: The President decides what American • ambassadors shall say to foreign • government is the role of: • Chief of State • Chief Diplomat • Chief Legislator A: Chief Diplomat
Q: This role requires the President to be • An inspiring example for the American • people: • Chief of State • Chief Executive • Chief Legislator A: Chief of State
Q: The President is the boss for millions • of government workers in the Executive • Branch: • Chief of State • Chief Executive • Commander in Chief A: Chief Executive
Q: The President may urge Congress to • pass new laws or veto bills that he does • not favor: • Chief Legislator • Chief Executive • Commander in Chief A: Chief Legislator
Q: The President is in charge of the U.S. • armed forces: • Chief Legislator • Chief Executive • Commander in Chief A: Commander in Chief
Q: The President campaigns for those • Members who have supported his • policies: • Chief Legislator • Chief Executive • Chief of Party A: Chief of Party
Q: How many departments are there today? A: 15
Q: All of the department leaders are called “Secretaries,” except for the Department of Justice. What is the head of this department called? A: The Attorney General
Q: Which department is responsible for • overseeing the production of food and • farming in our nation? • Dept. of Agriculture • Dept. of Commerce • Dept. of Health and Human Services A: Department of Agriculture
Q: Which department is responsible for • the diplomatic relationships amongst • foreign countries? • Dept. of Defense • Dept. of the Interior • Dept. of State A: Department of State
Q: Which department is responsible for • managing money for the U.S., coins • money, and collect taxes? • Dept. of Commerce • Dept. of the Interior • Dept. of the Treasury A: Department of the Treasury