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THE PRESENCE OF ANDRAGOGY IN COMMUNITY COLLEGES: THE CONNECTION TO HUMANISM . Presented by : Jason Wilson Instructor : Dr. Debbie Beebe Course : EDUC 8101. Overview. The Influence of Humanism Maslow’s Disciples Knowles Andragogy

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the presence of andragogy in community colleges the connection to humanism

THE PRESENCE OF ANDRAGOGY IN COMMUNITY COLLEGES: THE CONNECTION TO HUMANISM

Presented by: Jason Wilson

Instructor: Dr. Debbie Beebe

Course: EDUC 8101

overview
Overview
  • The Influence of Humanism
  • Maslow’s Disciples
  • Knowles Andragogy
  • The Application of Andragogy in Community Colleges
  • Conclusion
the influence of humanism
The Influence of Humanism
  • Maslow’s humanism is grounded fundamentally in his hierarchy of needs model. This model demonstrates a person’s upward path toward self-actualization
maslow s disciples
Maslow’s Disciples

Rogers’ Student-Centered Learning Theory

Heavily influenced by humanism, Rogers along with others believed the path to self-actualization could be attained through allowing the student to dictate the course of learning taking place (Brookfield 1986).

maslow s disciples cont d
Maslow’s Disciples Cont’d

Mezirow’s Transformative Learning Theory

Rooted in humanistic tenets as well, transformative learning theory highlights the learning actually taking place as a person’s life experiences foster new perspectives and insight (Merriam, Carrefella, Baumgautner, 2007).

knowles andragogy
Knowles Andragogy

Malcolm Knowles philosophy of adult learning originated from humanistic developmental psychology which often described human development in varied stages (Knowles, Holton, Swanson, 2005).

Knowles originally developed four assumptions for adult learning but later expand the four to six

Macolm Knowles, The six assumptions of andragogy, criticismshttp://youtu.be/vLoPiHUZbEwclip provided by creative commons cc

six assumptions of andragogy
Six Assumptions of Andragogy

Knowles 1st four assumptions

  • Need to know
  • Self concept
  • Experience
  • Readiness to learn

Knowles last two assumptions

  • Orientation to learning
  • Motivation to learn
six assumptions cont d
Six Assumptions Cont’d

Need to know

Adults learn more effectively when the reason for learning is understood

Self concept

Learning for an adult is self directed and self-managed.

Experience

Past life experiences give an adult guidance on learning new concepts

six assumptions cont d1
Six Assumptions Cont’d

Readiness to learn

Adults learners must reach a place of clarity concerning the ramifications of learning

Orientation to learning

Adult learners are more engage to learn through problem solving than memorization

Motivation

Adult learners are internally motivated to learn

andragogy criticisms
Andragogy Criticisms
  • More about how to teach adults than how adults learn
  • Not enough empirical evidence
  • Can all adults learn based on these six assumptions
  • Societal impact on adult learning
  • Adults need proven credibility established before authentic learning can take place
andragogy application
Andragogy Application

Activity for College Orientation Class

Question: Can you determine if any of the six assumptions for andragogy reflect your approach to learning? Use your handout and the slides from this presentation for assistance.

If you decide that multiple assumptions describe your learning, please rank in order from most to least accurate.

If none of them reflect you…please state your approach

andragogy application cont d
Andragogy Application Cont’d

Divide into groups based on your determination of which assumption best reflects your approach.

Those who don’t reflect assumptions will be in one group

  • Need to know
  • Self concept
  • Experience
  • Readiness to learn
  • Orientation to learning
  • Motivation to learn
andragogy application cont d1
Andragogy Application Cont’d

In your groups discuss your rationale for choosing your assumption. Pay attention to if your rationale sounds similar to other group members. As a group decide on the best example of the assumption and share this with the entire class

The group choosing no assumption will share two or their best examples of why they don’t reflect any assumption

conclusion
Conclusion

The impact of Maslow’s humanism on defining learning theory and human behavior cannot be understated. Maslow, Rogers, and Mezirowattempted to explain adult learning through humanistic perspectives

Knowles andragogy theory derived from a humanistic orientated perspective proposed six assumptions determined adult learning

Critics argued Knowles theory was more philosophy than theory.

conclusion cont d
Conclusion Cont’d

Community college students were asked to groups themselves based on andragogy assumptions

Fifteen community college students aligned themselves with at least four of Knowles six assumptions. Of the fifteen, the assumption that received the most identification was experience, which received six students.

references
References

Brookfield, S. (1986). Understanding and Facilitating Adult Learning. San Francisco, CA; Jossey-Bass

Finlay, J.”Andragogy (Adult Learning)” 17 May 2010. Online video clip. Youtube. Accessed on 20 November 2010. http://youtu.be/vLoPiHUZbEw

Knowles, M., Holton, E.F., Swanson, R. (2005). The Adult Learner (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Elsevier Inc

Merriam, S., Caffarella, R., & Baumgartner (2007). Learning in Adulthood (3rded). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.