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THE PRESENCE OF ANDRAGOGY IN COMMUNITY COLLEGES: THE CONNECTION TO HUMANISM . Presented by : Jason Wilson Instructor : Dr. Debbie Beebe Course : EDUC 8101. Overview. The Influence of Humanism Maslow’s Disciples Knowles Andragogy
Presented by: Jason Wilson
Instructor: Dr. Debbie Beebe
Course: EDUC 8101
Rogers’ Student-Centered Learning Theory
Heavily influenced by humanism, Rogers along with others believed the path to self-actualization could be attained through allowing the student to dictate the course of learning taking place (Brookfield 1986).
Mezirow’s Transformative Learning Theory
Rooted in humanistic tenets as well, transformative learning theory highlights the learning actually taking place as a person’s life experiences foster new perspectives and insight (Merriam, Carrefella, Baumgautner, 2007).
Malcolm Knowles philosophy of adult learning originated from humanistic developmental psychology which often described human development in varied stages (Knowles, Holton, Swanson, 2005).
Knowles originally developed four assumptions for adult learning but later expand the four to six
Macolm Knowles, The six assumptions of andragogy, criticismshttp://youtu.be/vLoPiHUZbEwclip provided by creative commons cc
Knowles 1st four assumptions
Knowles last two assumptions
Need to know
Adults learn more effectively when the reason for learning is understood
Learning for an adult is self directed and self-managed.
Past life experiences give an adult guidance on learning new concepts
Readiness to learn
Adults learners must reach a place of clarity concerning the ramifications of learning
Orientation to learning
Adult learners are more engage to learn through problem solving than memorization
Adult learners are internally motivated to learn
Activity for College Orientation Class
Question: Can you determine if any of the six assumptions for andragogy reflect your approach to learning? Use your handout and the slides from this presentation for assistance.
If you decide that multiple assumptions describe your learning, please rank in order from most to least accurate.
If none of them reflect you…please state your approach
Divide into groups based on your determination of which assumption best reflects your approach.
Those who don’t reflect assumptions will be in one group
In your groups discuss your rationale for choosing your assumption. Pay attention to if your rationale sounds similar to other group members. As a group decide on the best example of the assumption and share this with the entire class
The group choosing no assumption will share two or their best examples of why they don’t reflect any assumption
The impact of Maslow’s humanism on defining learning theory and human behavior cannot be understated. Maslow, Rogers, and Mezirowattempted to explain adult learning through humanistic perspectives
Knowles andragogy theory derived from a humanistic orientated perspective proposed six assumptions determined adult learning
Critics argued Knowles theory was more philosophy than theory.
Community college students were asked to groups themselves based on andragogy assumptions
Fifteen community college students aligned themselves with at least four of Knowles six assumptions. Of the fifteen, the assumption that received the most identification was experience, which received six students.
Brookfield, S. (1986). Understanding and Facilitating Adult Learning. San Francisco, CA; Jossey-Bass
Finlay, J.”Andragogy (Adult Learning)” 17 May 2010. Online video clip. Youtube. Accessed on 20 November 2010. http://youtu.be/vLoPiHUZbEw
Knowles, M., Holton, E.F., Swanson, R. (2005). The Adult Learner (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Elsevier Inc
Merriam, S., Caffarella, R., & Baumgartner (2007). Learning in Adulthood (3rded). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.