chapter five lecture one n.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Chapter Five, Lecture One

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Chapter Five, Lecture One - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Chapter Five, Lecture One. Myths of Creation: The Origins of Mortals. What about human beings?. Why is our world the way it is? Where did we come from? Why are we here? Why are we unique? Why do we suffer?. Prometheus: Maker of Mortals. Not in Hesiod, who gives no account of our origins

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter Five, Lecture One' - skyler

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter five lecture one

Chapter Five, Lecture One

Myths of Creation: The Origins of Mortals

what about human beings
What about human beings?
  • Why is our world the way it is?
  • Where did we come from?
  • Why are we here?
  • Why are we unique?
  • Why do we suffer?
prometheus maker of mortals
Prometheus: Maker of Mortals
  • Not in Hesiod, who gives no account of our origins
  • A curious omission. Why?
  • Prometheus (“forethought”), the son of Iapetus and Themis, the Titans
  • Made man from dust and water
the sumerian creation of man from mud
The Sumerian Creation of Man from Mud
  • Marduk made man from the blood of Kingu (as a race of servants)
  • Another variant: man is made by Enki and Ki as servants
  • Then they made deformed humans in a drunken contest
  • Hebrew account (II), man is made from dust and breath
prometheus protector of mortals
Prometheus: Protector of Mortals
  • Prometheus is equivalent to Enki (Ea) — the clever creator
  • Folktale character — the trickster
  • Doublet brother is “Epimetheus” (idiot)
prometheus protector of mortals1
Prometheus: Protector of Mortals
  • At Meconê, Prometheus offered sacrifice bundles to Zeus and asked which Zeus preferred.
  • Zeus chose the worse
  • Etiological to explain why Greeks ate the meat and offered the bones and fat
  • Hesiod protects Zeus by offering an explanation how Zeus could be “deceived.”
prometheus protector of mortals2
Prometheus: Protector of Mortals
  • Outraged, he removes fire from the trees
  • Prometheus sneaks some fire in a fennel stock to man
  • Punished by being lashed to a rock — eagles ate his liver by day, which grew back at night
prometheus protector of mortals3
Prometheus: Protector of Mortals
  • A play in a trilogy about Prometheus, the other two of which are lost
    • Aeschylus, The Prometheus Bound
  • Zeus eventually learns to rule with justice
  • Note also that mankind was allowed to evolve by Prometheus : he taught them all the civilized arts
prometheus protector of mortals4
Prometheus: Protector of Mortals

“Before [me], they had eyes that blankly gazed, ears hearing empty sound. Shapes in a dream, they blundered through long years . . .”

  • He gave us understanding, and thereby all the arts
  • Greek view of human evolution
prometheus protector of mortals5
Prometheus: Protector of Mortals
  • Zeus allows Heracles (Greek spelling) to break the chains
  • Prometheus told him from which female deity the threat to his rule would come : “Son greater than the father.”
  • It’s Thetis, whom he then marries off to a mortal, Peleus: the son will be Achilles
why do we suffer
Why do we suffer?
  • Two incompatible explanations
  • (1) Zeus is punishing us with Pandora (two stories)
  • (2) built into the mechanism of time: The Ages

Then the killer of Argus, the guide, the herald of gods, filled her with lies, with swindles, all sorts of thievish behavior, and named the woman Pandora (all gift), since all who dwell on Olympus gave her their gifts—a curse to men who must live by bread.

  • Pandora is punishment
  • But there is also suddenly a box of evils that she opens
  • Perhaps it’s just a metaphor and Pandora herself is the jar (see the discussion)
  • All the jars contents released except “hope”
  • Why hope?