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Fire Safety & Injury Prevention Presentation. The Prince Georges County Government Fire/Emergency Medical Services Department Office of the Fire Marshal – Life Safety Inspections Office. Overview. Fall Prevention Fire Prevention In Case of Fire. HOME. I. FALL PREVENTION.

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fire safety injury prevention presentation

Fire Safety & Injury Prevention Presentation

The Prince Georges County Government

Fire/Emergency Medical Services Department

Office of the Fire Marshal – Life Safety Inspections Office

overview
Overview
  • Fall Prevention
  • Fire Prevention
  • In Case of Fire

HOME

i fall prevention
I. FALL PREVENTION
  • Health & Fitness
  • Precautions

HOME

a health fitness
A. Health & Fitness

Exercise regularly to build strength and improve your balance and coordination.

Ask your doctor or health care provider about the best physical exercise for you.

If you are mobility impaired, ask your doctor about “Chair Exercises”.

Exercise

Vision

Walkways

Storing

Belongings

Storing

Belongings

Take Your

Time

Take Your

Time

BACK

a health fitness1
A. Health & Fitness

See an eye specialist once a year. Poor vision can increase your chance of falling.

Improve the lighting in your home.

Exercise

Vision

Walkways

Storing

Belongings

Take Your

Time

BACK

a health fitness2
A. Health & Fitness

Keep stairs and walking areas free of electrical cords, shoes, clothing, papers, books, toys, magazines, newspapers and other clutter.

Make sure stairways are well lit from both top and bottom.

Install easy-to-grip handrails along the full length of both sides of the stairs.

Exercise

Vision

Walkways

Storing

Belongings

Take Your

Time

BACK

a health fitness3
A. Health & Fitness

Do not block doorways, walkways, and windows.

Clutter is not only a safety hazard, but a health hazard as well.

Exercise

Vision

Walkways

Storing

Belongings

Take Your

Time

BACK

a health fitness4
A. Health & Fitness

Being rushed or distracted increases your chance of falling.

Get out of chairs slowly.

Sit a moment before you get out of your bed.

Stand and get your balance before you walk.

Exercise

Vision

Walkways

Storing

Belongings

Take Your

Time

BACK

exercise a guide from the national institute on aging
Exercise : A Guide from the National Institute on Aging

National Institute on Aging

(800) 222-2225

http://www.nih.gov/nia

b precautions
B. Precautions

Wipe up spilled liquids immediately.

Spills

Throw Rugs

Bathroom

Shoes

Egress

BACK

b precautions1
B. Precautions

Use only throw rugs with rubber, non-skid backing.

Always smooth out wrinkles and folds in carpeting.

Spills

Throw Rugs

Bathroom

Shoes

Egress

BACK

b precautions2
B. Precautions

Use non-slip mats in the bathtub and on shower floors.

Install grab-bars on the wall next to the bathtub, shower, and toilet.

Spills

Throw Rugs

Bathroom

Shoes

Egress

BACK

b precautions3
B. Precautions

Wear sturdy, well-fitted, low-heeled shoes with non-slip soles. These are safer than high heels, thick-soled athletic shoes, slippers, or stocking feet.

Spills

Throw Rugs

Bathroom

Shoes

Egress

BACK

b precautions4
B. Precautions

Have an Escape Plan. Plan your escape around your abilities. Have a telephone in your bedroom and post local emergency numbers on or near your phones.

Make sure that your address is visible outside of your door for emergency personnel to see.

Spills

Throw Rugs

Bathroom

Shoes

Egress

BACK

ii fire prevention
II. FIRE PREVENTION
  • Smoke Alarms
  • Around the Home
  • In the Kitchen
  • Smoking
  • Hazards
  • Candles
  • Egress

HOME

a smoke alarms
A. Smoke Alarms

Always respond to a sounding smoke alarm. Never waste time to get dressed, collect valuables, or find pets. Get Out and Stay Out!

Leave the building immediately and stay at least 20 feet away to avoid smoke and debris and to allow Fire/EMS personnel to access the scene.

Responding

Batteries

Placement

Units

Carbon

Monoxide

BACK

a smoke alarms1
A. Smoke Alarms

Change your batteries twice a year when you change your clocks. Check units monthly.

If you live in an assisted living facility or an apartment, verify that property maintenance is changing the batteries twice a year to ensure maximum proficiency.

Responding

Batteries

Placement

Units

Carbon

Monoxide

BACK

a smoke alarms2
A. Smoke Alarms

Install units outside all sleeping areas and on every level of your home.

Responding

Batteries

Placement

Units

Carbon

Monoxide

BACK

a smoke alarms3
A. Smoke Alarms

Replace units every 10 years as they become ineffective after that time frame.

Clean your unit occasionally to remove dust.

Units come in many varieties, such as voice-programmable, bed-vibrating, hard of hearing with strobe lights, CO/Smoke combined, and hardwired with battery backup.

Responding

Batteries

Placement

Units

Carbon

Monoxide

BACK

a smoke alarms4
A. Smoke Alarms

Purchase and install Carbon Monoxide Detectors near all gas (fireplaces, ovens, washer/dryers, garages, etc.).

Responding

Batteries

Placement

Units

Carbon

Monoxide

BACK

b around the home
B. Around the Home

Sit down with all the residents of your home and develop your plan for emergencies. Have fire drills.

Sleep with the bedroom doors closed. This gives you extra time and protection from toxic smoke and fire.

Escape Plan

Meeting

Place

Emergency

Kit

Emergency

Numbers

Dial 911

BACK

b around the home1
B. Around the Home

Have a designated area for all members of the household to meet should an unanticipated evacuation were to take place and also to avoid redundancy in search efforts.

Escape Plan

Meeting

Place

Emergency

Kit

Emergency

Numbers

Dial 911

BACK

b around the home2
B. Around the Home

Prepare a water- and fire-proof emergency kit with food, water, important documents, and emergency supplies for at least three days per member of household.

Escape Plan

Meeting

Place

Emergency

Kit

Emergency

Numbers

Dial 911

BACK

b around the home3
B. Around the Home

Know your local emergency number. Post your personal medical information for emergency personnel. Post 911 stickers on telephones for children.

Escape Plan

Meeting

Place

Emergency

Kit

Emergency

Numbers

Dial 911

BACK

b around the home4
B. Around the Home

Always go to a neighbor’s house and dial 911 (not the local fire department) in a fire emergency.

Escape Plan

Meeting

Place

Emergency

Kit

Emergency

Numbers

Dial 911

BACK

c in the kitchen
C. In the Kitchen

Turn off and unplug appliances when not in use.

Install protective covers over all exposed electrical outlets.

Electrical

Plugs

Dress

When

Leaving

Stove-Top

Fire

Flammable

Liquids

BACK

c in the kitchen1
C. In the Kitchen

When cooking, wear tight fitted rolled-up sleeves. Always use oven mitts.

Electrical

Plugs

Dress

When

Leaving

Stove-Top

Fire

Flammable

Liquids

BACK

c in the kitchen2
C. In the Kitchen

If you leave the kitchen while cooking, turn off the stove.

Electrical

Plugs

Dress

When

Leaving

Stove-Top

Fire

Flammable

Liquids

BACK

c in the kitchen3
C. In the Kitchen

If a pan of food catches fire, slide a lid over it and turn off the burner.

Electrical

Plugs

Dress

When

Leaving

Stove-Top

Fire

Flammable

Liquids

BACK

c in the kitchen4
C. In the Kitchen

Do not store flammable liquids such as cleaning fluids, paint, and other poisons near heat sources. Store in child-proof locked, high cabinets.

Electrical

Plugs

Dress

When

Leaving

Stove-Top

Fire

Flammable

Liquids

BACK

d smoking
D. Smoking

SURGEON GENERAL'S WARNING: Smoking Causes Lung Cancer, Heart Disease, Emphysema, And May Complicate Pregnancy. Quitting Smoking Now Greatly Reduces Serious Risks to Your Health. Smoking By Pregnant Women May Result in Fetal Injury, Premature Birth, And Low Birth Weight. Cigarette Smoke Contains Carbon Monoxide.

Health

Hazard

Ashtrays

In Bed

On Oxygen

Disposal

BACK

d smoking1
D. Smoking

Provide smokers with large non-tip, noncombustible, deep ashtrays.

Health

Hazard

Ashtrays

In Bed

On Oxygen

Disposal

BACK

d smoking2
D. Smoking

Never smoke in bed or while laying down, especially if you are drowsy.

Health

Hazard

Ashtrays

In Bed

On Oxygen

Disposal

BACK

d smoking3
D. Smoking

Never smoke when using oxygen.

Health

Hazard

Ashtrays

In Bed

On Oxygen

Disposal

BACK

d smoking4
D. Smoking

Always dampen ashtrays before emptying them into a garbage can or metal container.

When outside, use disposal containers only.

Health

Hazard

Ashtrays

In Bed

On Oxygen

Disposal

BACK

e hazards
E. Hazards

Provide at least three feet of space around heaters.

Unplug and shut them off when you leave your home, or go to bed.

Space

Heaters

Extension

Cords

Electrical

Sockets

Medicines

Poisons

BACK

e hazards1
E. Hazards

Make sure wires are not frayed or exposed.

Space

Heaters

Extension

Cords

Electrical

Sockets

Medicines

Poisons

BACK

e hazards2
E. Hazards

Never overload sockets, extension cords and appliance cords.

Space

Heaters

Extension

Cords

Electrical

Sockets

Medicines

Poisons

BACK

e hazards3
E. Hazards

Label all medicines. Store up high in locked cabinets.

Teach children the difference between candies and medicines.

Never allow children to administer medicines by themselves.

Space

Heaters

Extension

Cords

Electrical

Sockets

Medicines

Poisons

BACK

e hazards4
E. Hazards

Move cleaning chemicals, soaps, drain cleaners, medicines, and other poisons to high, locked cupboards and install child-proof locks. Never store near heated surfaces.

Know the poison control telephone number: 1-800-222-1222.

Space

Heaters

Extension

Cords

Electrical

Sockets

Medicines

Poisons

BACK

f candles
F. Candles

Keep candles in secure and sturdy holders at least one foot away from clothing, books, papers, toys, blinds, Christmas trees, decorations, newspapers, and anything else that can burn.

Store candles, matches, and lighters up high and out of children’s sight and reach, preferably in a locked cabinet.

Placement

Extinguishing

Decoration

Children

And Pets

Power

Outages

BACK

f candles1
F. Candles

Extinguish taper and pillar candles when they get within 2 inches of the holder or decorative materials.

Placement

Extinguishing

Decoration

Children

And Pets

Power

Outages

BACK

f candles2
F. Candles

Avoid candles with combustible materials embedded in them.

Read the labels on all candles to determine if they are made to be burned or if they are only decorative.

Placement

Extinguishing

Decoration

Children

And Pets

Power

Outages

BACK

f candles3
F. Candles

Never allow children or teens to have candles in their bedrooms.

Always supervise pets in a room with burning candles.

Placement

Extinguishing

Decoration

Children

And Pets

Power

Outages

BACK

f candles4
F. Candles

Avoid using candles for emergency lighting.

Placement

Extinguishing

Decoration

Children

And Pets

Power

Outages

BACK

g egress
G. Egress

Make sure windows open and shut easily. Teach children how to unlock windows.

Do not enclose windows with iron bars that do not allow for an escape.

Never jump out of high windows. If there is no other means of escape: go to the window, wave a light colored cloth, yell for help, and wait for emergency personnel.

Windows

Doors

Exit

BACK

g egress1
G. Egress

Do not block doors with furniture or any other storage.

Windows

Doors

Exit

BACK

g egress2
G. Egress

If you cannot use stairways, make special arrangements for help in advance. Do not use elevators in case of a fire.

If you are in a wheelchair or unable to escape a room, stay by the window near the floor. Signal for help.

Have two ways of exiting every room. Know where all the exits are.

Windows

Doors

Exit

BACK

iii in case of fire
III. IN CASE OF FIRE
  • Home Escape Plan
  • Fire Preparedness

HOME

a home escape plan
A. Home Escape Plan

Sit down with all residents of your home and develop your plan for emergencies.

Have a designated Meeting Place for all members of the household to meet and call 911 should an unanticipated evacuation were to take place and also to avoid redundancy in search efforts.

Plan

Get Low

and Go

Children

And Pets

Burns

Calling 911

BACK

a home escape plan1
A. Home Escape Plan

The cleanest air is on the floor. Breathing smoke is toxic. Always crawl against the wall toward the door. Feel doors with the back of the hand before opening. If the door is hot, do not open it – Find another means of escape. Get Out and Stay Out! NEVER go back in a burning building for any reason. Call 911 after you get out from a neighbor’s phone.

Plan

Get Low

and Go

Children

And Pets

Burns

Calling 911

BACK

a home escape plan2
A. Home Escape Plan

Sit down with children and develop an escape plan together. Children should know two means of escape from every room. Decide on a reliable Meeting Place together.

Consider voice-programmable smoke alarms, where necessary.

Have a kit packed for pets with food, medicines, and emergency supplies in a pet carrier and kept by the exit.

Plan

Get Low

and Go

Children

And Pets

Burns

Calling 911

BACK

a home escape plan3
A. Home Escape Plan

If your clothes catch fire, Stop, Drop, and Roll (don’t run – that only makes the flames worse) over and over to smother the flames, covering your face with your hands.

Immerse minor burns in cool water for 10 to 15 minutes. If burns are severe, get medical help immediately.

Plan

Get Low

and Go

Children

And Pets

Burns

Calling 911

BACK

a home escape plan4
A. Home Escape Plan

Do not assume the job of a firefighter. Leave the scene immediately and call for help from a neighbor’s phone.

Plan

Get Low

and Go

Children

And Pets

Burns

Calling 911

BACK

b fire preparedness
B. Fire Preparedness

Get Outin case of a fire and limit your use of an extinguisher as fires can quickly get out of hand.

Learn the PASS technique for using a fire extinguisher correctly for small contained fires, i.e. a trash can:

  • Pull the pin.
  • Aim the hose at the base of the fire.
  • Squeeze the trigger.
  • Sweep back and forth.

Extinguishers

Floor

Monitors

Shelter

In Place

Project ID

Vial of Life

BACK

b fire preparedness1
B. Fire Preparedness

Establish resident Floor Monitors to assist those with limited mobility during emergencies.

The Monitors should also be a safety liaison between the residents and management.

Extinguishers

Floor

Monitors

Shelter

In Place

Project ID

Vial of Life

BACK

b fire preparedness2
B. Fire Preparedness

When unable to escape a closed space surrounded by smoke and flames:

  • Place a wet towel at the base of doors to prevent the spread of smoke and flames.
  • Call 911(even if they are already on the scene) and tell them where to find you.
  • Open (do not break) the windows.
  • Stay at the window to signal the emergency response team. Wave a flashlight or light colored cloth.

Extinguishers

Floor

Monitors

Shelter

In Place

Project ID

Vial of Life

BACK

b fire preparedness3
B. Fire Preparedness

This program is designed for the special needs of disabled and handicapped citizens in the event of a fire, police, or medical emergency. The information you supply on the form will be confidentially filed into a central computer serving both Police and Fire/EMS Department personnel.

Extinguishers

Floor

Monitors

Shelter

In Place

Project ID

Vial of Life

BACK

b fire preparedness4
B. Fire Preparedness

“The Vial of Life is designed to speak for you when you can't speak for yourself. The vial contains important medical information that can assist emergency personnel in administering the proper medical treatment.”

Extinguishers

Floor

Monitors

Shelter

In Place

Project ID

Vial of Life

BACK

contact
CONTACT

Da’mu McBride,

Community Developer /

Fire Inspector

Prince George’s County

Fire/EMS Department

Office of the Fire Marshal’s

Life Safety Inspections Office

Phone: (301) 583-1830

Fax: (301) 583-1945

domcbride@co.pg.md.us