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Introduction to Biochemistry

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  1. Introduction to Biochemistry Outline Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Enzymes Nucleic Acids Chapters 20

  2. How are carbohydrates formed?

  3. What do monosaccharaides look like? D-(-)-glucose D-(+)-galactose D-(+)-mannose D-(-)-fructose

  4. What do sugars do in a solution?

  5. What does a disaccharide look like? glucose glucose Maltose Sucrose Lactose

  6. How does the structure of polysaccharides differ from monosaccharide and disaccharides? starch cellulose

  7. How are saturated and unsaturated fats different? Saturated fat Unsaturated fat

  8. How are triglycerides formed?

  9. What type of fatty acids make up the following fats and oils?

  10. How are unsaturated triacylglycerols converted to saturated triacylglycerols? Hydrogenation Reaction:

  11. How is soap formed?

  12. How do soaps work??

  13. What do steroids look like?

  14. What does cholesterol look like?

  15. What do steroid hormones look like?

  16. What makes an amino acid nonpolar?

  17. What makes an amino acid polar?

  18. What makes amino acids acidic or basic?

  19. What are proteins?

  20. What is the primary structure of a protein?

  21. What does the secondary structure look like? • Alpha Helix

  22. What does the secondary structure look like? • Beta Sheet

  23. What is the tertiary structure of a protein?

  24. How are the different protein structures related?

  25. What does an enzyme do?

  26. How do enzymes work?

  27. What is a nucleic acid? What do the bases look like?

  28. What is the structure of the double helix?

  29. How does DNA replication work?

  30. How does protein synthesis work?

  31. How does protein synthesis work?

  32. How does transcription in protein synthesis work?