INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY. Inorganic and Organic Compounds. Inorganic - not made by living things Organic - made by living things - carbon compounds - forms covalent bonds. Properties of Water. Great solvent called a universal solvent
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Inorganic - not made by living things
Organic -made by living things
- carbon compounds
- forms covalent bonds
Solute- dissolved substance
Solvent- dissolves the solute
Dissolves the solute
Low pH (<7) = Acid
7 = neutral
High pH (>7) = Base
Organic compounds are carbon compounds, made by living things
Carbon is the Central Atom of Life.
(and how small and big are linked)
Macromolecules are built by linking a set of building blocks (monomers) together into long chains (a polymer).
Monomers – basic units that repeats over and over in organic compounds
Each hexagon is this figure is a monomer, building blocks linked together to form a polymer.
Four Major Classes of Biological Molecules
How do you build a cell?
Start with water, add lots of small carbon-containing molecules and …….
2:1 ratio of Hydrogen to Oxygen
One sugar C6H12O6 monosaccharide
Two sugars C12H22O11 disaccharide
Many sugars- polysaccharide
RNA- carries out the instructions
Reactants- substances required for a reaction, the starting materials
Products- substances that are made during a reaction
GLUCOSE GLUCOSE MALTOSE WATER
MALTOSE WATER GLUCOSE GLUCOSE
RATE OF REACTION