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The Bill of Rights - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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D. The Bill of Rights. Speech, Assembly, Religion, Press, petition for redress of grievances, separate church and state Right to bear arms No quartering act Privacy, search and seizure Due process, double jeopardy, self incrimination Speedy, public trial Trial by jury

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the bill of rights
The Bill of Rights
  • Speech, Assembly, Religion, Press, petition for redress of grievances, separate church and state
  • Right to bear arms
  • No quartering act
  • Privacy, search and seizure
  • Due process, double jeopardy, self incrimination
  • Speedy, public trial
  • Trial by jury
  • Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment
  • Rights not specifically mentioned are also protected
  • All powers not delegated to the Federal government are reserved for the states
washington s presidency
Washington’s Presidency
  • He set many important precedents during his tenure of office
  • These included:
    • Two-terms
    • The Cabinet
    • Proclamation of Neutrality
  • The Federal Court system was also created in 1789
  • This act created 13 circuit courts and 3 circuit courts of appeals
  • When he left the Presidency, he warned the nation about the problems of political parties.
hamilton s financial plan
Hamilton’s Financial Plan
  • Hamilton wanted to accomplish several things as he started as Sec. of the Treasury
    • Bind the country together
    • Increase Federal power and prestige
    • Pay off debts
    • Protect industry
  • He tried to accomplish this through the following:
    • Funding state debts at par
    • A tax on whiskey
    • A protective tariff
    • A national bank
the whiskey rebellion
The Whiskey Rebellion
  • It occurred because of the tax on whiskey.
  • Whiskey was important to western farmers because it was a product of corn that could be shipped east for sale.
  • The poor farmers rebelled against the tax.
  • Washington used the army to put down the rebellion.
  • This demonstrated that the new government was committed to enforcing its laws.
jefferson s response
Jefferson’s Response
  • Jefferson opposed much of Hamilton’s Plan
  • He felt that it was too focused on the wealthy and ignored the concerns of the common man
  • He also felt that the plan would give power to the Federal government at the expense of the states.
jeffersonian republicans
Jeffersonian Republicans
  • These were those people who were critics of the Federalists.
  • They with the Federalists formed the first political parties in the U.S.
foreign affairs
Foreign Affairs
  • The French Revolution
    • Americans supported the idea of the Revolution, but were horrified by the mob violence
  • Proclamation of Neutrality
    • Washington believed that the US was not strong enough to be involved in foreign wars or alliances
  • Jay’s Treaty
    • This was an attempt to stop British impressments of sailors
  • Pinckney’s Treaty
    • The US got the right to use the Mississippi River for shipping. The Spanish thought the US and G.B. were working together and got scared.
the presidency of adams
The Presidency of Adams
  • The XYZ Affair
    • France tried to bully the United States delegates into paying a bribe in order to enter negotiations
    • Adams resisted the call for war
  • The Alien and Sedition Acts
    • These laws raised the time for citizenship from 5 to 14 years
    • The Sedition Act made it a crime to criticize the President or Congress
  • The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
    • These were responses written by Madison and Jefferson that railed against the expansion of power in the Sedition Act
    • These resolutions stated that states should be able to NULLIFY federal laws that are unconstitutional
the revolution of 1800
The Revolution of 1800
  • The election of 1800 represented the first time in history that a country had peacefully transferred power from one political group to its rival without bloodshed
  • Jefferson changed as a leader, as he became more open to expanding powers of the Federal government as shown in the Louisiana Purchase
  • Jefferson was saddled with a largely Federalist Court system
  • The influence of the Federalists would carry on for several years past their electoral success