Creating a Nation: Beginnings to 1877 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Creating a Nation: Beginnings to 1877

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  1. Creating a Nation:Beginnings to 1877

  2. Pre-Columbian America • First civilizations arrived between 15,000-30,000 years ago • Agriculture took hold, cities developed • First American civilization arose in Mesoamerica • Olmec • Maya and Aztec followed • Built impressive temples

  3. Native Americans of North America • 1500s – Native Americans were established north • Eastern Woodlands • Combined hunting and fishing with farming • Southeast • Built stockades around villages for protection • Southwest • Farmed corn, beans and cotton • Pacific Northwest • Fishing • Far North • Hunters

  4. Early Modern Europe • Renaissance and Reformation • Renaissance • Intellectual revolution • Renewed commitment to reason • Reformation • Martin Luther called for changes in Catholic Church in 1517 • New churches emerged • Overseas Exploration Begins • Portugal took early lead • Spain and France began colonizing Americas

  5. The Spanish and French Establish Colonies • Spain • Columbus reached the Bahamas for Spain in October 1492 • In search of gold • Treaty of Tordesillas resolved Spanish/Portuguese rivalry • New Spain • Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztec • Brought over many deadly diseases • Killed many • Ultimately Spain controlled a large portion of the Americas

  6. The Spanish and French Establish Colonies • France • Began exploring eastern North America in the early 1500s • Established a colony in Canada • Looking for fur • Began trading with Native Americans • Expanded territory with explorations down the Mississippi River • Claimed Louisiana for King Louis XIV