The harmful effects of tobacco OBJ: I will analyze the harmful long-term effects of tobacco use and the addictive nature of nicotine
Bellwork Examine the following pictures. State what happened and what type of tobacco caused the condition.
Bellwork • Answers: • Oral cancer caused by chewing tobacco • Lung cancer caused by smoking cigarettes • Gum cancer from snus • Cancer of the larynx caused by smoking cigarettes • Emphysema caused by smoking cigarettes. Emphysema damages and destroys air sacs of the lungs, reducing the lungs ability to bring in oxygen and remove carbon dioxide • Ulcers caused by chewing tobacco
Facts • 1 in 5 teenagers smoke cigarettes. • Teenage smoking is often an early warning sign for future problems such as alcohol and marijuana use and drop in grades • 9 out of 10 teens do not find smoking attractive • 90% of adult smokers began at or before age 18 • Smoking kills more people than alcohol, AIDS, car accidents, illegal drugs, murders, and suicides combined
REVIEW • What are the different forms of tobacco? • What are some of the “ingredients” in cigarette smoke?
Nicotine • Nicotine is a highly addictive substance that occurs naturally in tobacco.
The Nicotine addiction cycleCLASS ACTIVITY • Class Activity: Create a movement for the step in the cycle. The next person will add on..... • Question: What can someone do to decrease their nicotine cravings and eventually stop smoking?
The Nicotine Addiction cycle • Nicotine enters the bloodstream • The heart beats faster • Blood vessels constrict • Blood pressure increases • More oxygen is pumped to the brain • Adrenaline is released into the blood • Eventually, the nicotine begins to wear off • Carbon monoxide slows down the body • The heart begins to beat slower • Feel of relaxation sets in • …..Brain begins to crave more nicotine
Ways To Help You Resist Nicotine • Avoid triggers • Delay for 10 minutes to pass craving • Exercise • Practice relaxation techniques • Ask for help (support system) • Remember the benefits to quitting • Try nicotine replacements • Chew on gum or hard candy
What do the chemicals in tobacco do to the body • Class Activity: Get a partner and a roll of stickers
How Tobacco affects the body • Brain: Stroke • Mouth: dulls taste buds, stains teeth, tooth decay, gum disease, mouth cancer • Lungs: Chronic bronchitis, Emphysema, Lung cancer • Stomach: ulcers • Kidneys: Kidney cancer • Bladder: Bladder cancer • Bones: osteoporosis • Throat: Cancer of the larynx and esophagus • Heart: Heart disease • Liver: Cirrhosis of the liver • Spine: Vertebral cancer • Reproductive System: decrease sex drive, cervical cancer, impotence in males, decrease in fertility • Pregnancy: risk of miscarriage, premature delivery, low birth weight baby
Video: I can’t breath Class activity: “Straw” Activity Class Activity: Coffee Stirrer Activity
Secondhand smoke Children exposed to second hand smoke are more likely to have respiratory problems, ear infections, and asthma attacks. • If you are at home, with a pack a day smoker, for one day = you smoking 3 cigarettes. • If you are in the car, with the windows closed, for one hour = you smoking 3 cigarettes. • If you are at a baseball game, sitting behind a smoker, for three hours = you smoking 1 cigarette. • If you are at a party, where a lot of people are smoking, for three hours = you smoking 4 cigarettes. What can you do to avoid secondhand smoke?
Quick write Write a half page on what you learned in today’s class. Include the following information: • At least five long term effects of tobacco use • What advice would you give a friend or loved one who uses tobacco? • At least five ways to quit or reduce a nicotine craving
Anti-tobacco advertisement • Continue to work on your anti-tobacco advertisement with your partner...
HOMEWORK Interview a smoker and a non-smoker