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His life before he became the 16 th President. The early life of Abraham Lincoln. Family. Born February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky Parents: Thomas and Nancy Sister: Sarah The family moved to Indiana in 1816 His mother died of “Milk Sickness” in 1818

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The early life of Abraham Lincoln


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    1. His life before he became the 16th President The early life of Abraham Lincoln

    2. Family • Born February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky • Parents: Thomas and Nancy • Sister: Sarah • The family moved to Indiana in 1816 • His mother died of “Milk Sickness” in 1818 • Thomas marries Sarah Johnston in 1819

    3. Father Thomas and Step Mother Sarah

    4. Boy Hood Home Birth Cabin

    5. Early Life • Abraham’s step-mother encouraged him to get an education • He loved to read and would walk miles to borrow a new book • Lincoln was not just a “bookworm” he also chopped wood, wrestled, & piloted flat boats to New Orleans • Volunteered for the Black Hawk War

    6. Lincoln married Mary Todd on November 4, 1841 The couple will have 4 sons Robert, Edward, William, and Thomas.

    7. Lincoln’s Sons Robert 1843-1926 Edward 1846-1850 William 1850-1862 Thomas (Tad) 1853-1871

    8. Early Political Life • He became a lawyer at the age of 28 • He was elected to the IL House of Representatives • In 1846, Lincoln was elected to the U.S. Congress

    9. 1858 US Senate race Incumbent Stephen A. Douglas, Dem. Rep. challenger Abraham Lincoln Series of 7 public debates Expansion of slavery was the major topic Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    10. Lincoln on Slavery • “A house divided against itself cannot stand” • Lincoln set forth an instantly accessible image of the Union as a house in danger of collapse under the relentless pressure of the slavery issue. Source: Team of Rivals by Doris Kearns Goodwin

    11. Lincoln on Slavery • “I believe this government cannot endure, permanently half slave and half free,” • “I do not expect the house to fall- but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other.” Source: Team of Rivals by Doris Kearns Goodwin

    12. Lincoln agreed that Brown’s ideals were noble Both thought slavery was wrong He could not excuse the violence, bloodshed, or treason Source: To Purge this Land with Blood by Stephen B. Oates Lincoln on John Brown

    13. Lincoln loses the 1858 Senate race to Douglas Lincoln became the Republican candidate for President in 1860 He will run against 3 other candidates Lincoln becomes a national figure Lincoln in 1860

    14. Lincoln’s opponents in 1860 Stephen Douglas Northern Democrat John Bell Constitutional Union John Breckinridge Southern Democrat

    15. Election 1860 • Lincoln opposed the expansion of slavery into the territories • Breckinridge and Bell split the Southern states • Lincoln defeats Douglas in the North • Lincoln wins the election without winning a single Southern state • South Carolina secedes (leaves) the Union

    16. Lincoln Grows a Beard • 11 year old, Grace Bedell, recommended in a letter that Lincoln grow a beard. • “…your face is so thin” and “all the ladies like whiskers.” • Lincoln took her advice and decided to grow the beard. Source: Team of Rivals by Doris Kearns Goodwin

    17. June 3,1860 April 10, 1865