Anxiety. Young People & ASD. Nature of Anxiety. Mild to severe Always present Periodic Situational Panic Normal to abnormal. Types of Anxiety. Generalised Anxiety Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Panic Disorder Phobias School Avoidance Selective Mutism Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
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Young People & ASD
Information sometimes “normalises” the unusual!!
You are not mad..….bad……or sick
Biological base to anxiety
Elimination of anxiety not realistic
Coping with anxiety is realistic
Reassurance is of limited value
Avoidance = quick temporary relief
Too much of anything is good for nothing!
Anxiety is hard to say. Other words that mean anxiety are worry, fear, panic and stress.
A little anxiety is a good thing. Everybody feels anxiety. It is normal to worry a little, to be a little afraid, to panic sometimes or to feel some stress. A little anxiety helps us to do things for ourselves. A little anxiety helps us to be careful.
Too much anxiety is not helpful. Some people know that they become too anxious because Your heart beats very quickly and you have not been running; Your hands sweat; It is hard to breathe; Your tummy feels funny; Your thoughts are confused; and You might become angry or upset.
Common Thinking Errors
IT GIVES YOU SOMETHING TO DO BUT ULTIMATELY GETS YOU
WHEN HAS WORRY EVER MADE YOU HAPPY….??
WHEN HAS WORRY EVER MADE THINGS BETTER…??
WHEN HAS WORRY EVER GOT YOU WHAT YOU WANTED….?
I can’t do this so I must be stupid.
If I gain even a pound I’ll be fat.
I must be perfect or no one will love me.
I always fail when I try to do something new
I have nothing to look forward to anymore
Look for the shades of grey; look for colour
Is it really so bad?
Am I taking an extreme view?
If X < Y then X = Z
X = The Situation
Y = Perfection
Z = Total Failure
Am I making fair comparisons?
Am I comparing myself to people who have a particular advantage?
Am I looking at the negatives and ignoring the positives?
Is there a more balanced way to look at this?
What’s the worst that can happen
What’s the best that can happen?
Will this really matter in 5 years time?
Is there anything good about this?
What’s most likely to happen?
What are the facts?
What are my interpretations?
Am I over generalising?
Am I minimizing?
I am stupid…ugly…boring…useless…a loser
He is a creep…retarded…a failure…dopey.
Stick to the facts and not the interpretations:
Doing something poorly does not mean that you are ……..