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Chapter 5 The struggle to found colonies

Chapter 5 The struggle to found colonies

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Chapter 5 The struggle to found colonies

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  1. Chapter 5The struggle to found colonies Pages 156-183

  2. Chapter 5 Vocabulary charter Pilgrim cash crop dissenter Mayflower Compact stock House of Burgesses Mayflower Compact stock cash crop Northwest Passage Northwest Passage debtor persecution persecution charter Pilgrim Indentured servant Puritan dissenter Separatist proprietor proprietor House of Burgesses

  3. Discrepant Event: Opechancanough How can you draw conclusions about facts in history-without a lot of prior knowledge and experience ?

  4. Lesson 1: Hard Times in Virginiap. 156-162 • EQ: How did England found Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America in 1607? • Vocabulary: • Charter • Stock • Cash crop • Indentured servant • House of Burgesses

  5. Choose to use as a resource or print out and glue into your notebook

  6. Lesson 1: Hard Times in Virginia How did England found Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in 1607? Roanoke Island (NC) was a failed attempt by Walter Raleigh (1585) and John White (1587) and is known as the “Lost Colony.” England and Spain were at war. England wanted gold, natural resources, and prevent Spanish from colonizing North America. Francis Drake raided Spanish ships helping win Battle of the Spanish Armada (1588). John Smith settles Jamestown (1607) Powhatan assist settlers with food during the Starving Time. John Rolfe raises tobacco (1612) as a cash crop. Indentured servants arrive and the House of Burgesses is assembled.

  7. Reading Response

  8. Lesson 2: New European Coloniesp. 164-167 • EQ: How did the search for a Northwest Passage lead to the founding of French & Dutch colonies in North America? • Vocabulary • Northwest Passage

  9. Choose to use as a resource or print out and glue into your notebook

  10. Reading Response

  11. H I G L A B C K J F E D

  12. Early Colony “Pop Up” Poster Groups • Group 1: Lost Colony of Roanoke (Row 1-door) • Group 2: Early Jamestown “Starving Time” (Row 2-front) • Group 3: Prosperous Jamestown “Tobacco” (Row 3-middle) • Group 4: Quebec & New France (Row 5-back) • Group 5: New Amsterdam & New Netherland (Row 6-windows)

  13. Thanksgiving Treasure Fleet Chaplain Weir Chiefdom Notary Cocido Archaeology Timucua Renaissance Gulf Stream Imposing Inlet Thatch Vessel Spanish Inquisition Missionaries Admiral Alligator Jesuit Artillery Franciscans

  14. Lesson 3: The First Coloniesp. 168-173 • EQ: Why did English settlers establish colonies in New England in search for religious freedom? • Vocabulary: • Pilgrim • Separatist • Persecution • Mayflower Compact • Puritan

  15. Choose to use as a resource or print out and glue into your notebook

  16. Church of England New England Mayflower Compact Massachusetts Bay Colony education

  17. 1565 Pedro Menendez de Aviles St. Augustine Juan Ponce de Leon 1513 42 years Spanish Admiral Shelter for vessels (near French Fort Caroline Defense against French Near St. John’s River & Gulf Stream Thanksgiving in 1565 Walter Raleigh=Queen’s Advisor/Explorer John White=Colonist/Artist 1590 Roanoke Island, NC 1607 John Smith Colonist Leader Jamestown, VA William Bradford Separatist 1621 Plymouth, MA John Winthrop Puritan Lawyer Multiple colonies Thanksgiving in 1621 Massachusetts Bay Colony (Boston) 1628 Samuel de Champlain 1608 Quebec on St. Lawrence River (New France) French explorer looking for Northwest Passage Established thriving beaver trade Henry Hudson 1624 New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island on Hudson River (New Netherland) English sea captain looking for Northwest Passage Establish Hudson River & New York City

  18. Lesson 4: The 13 English Coloniesp. 176-182 • EQ: How did the English establish 13 colonies along the east coast of America by 1733? • Vocabulary: • Dissenter • Proprietor • debtor

  19. Brainpop • Thirteen Colonies

  20. Choose to use as a resource or print out and glue into your notebook

  21. Map of Original 13 Colonies Turn to page 177 in your textbook for an additional map

  22. Title: A map of the British colonies in North America, with the roads, distances, limits, and extent of the settlements, humbly inscribed to the Right Honourable the Earl of Halifax, and the other Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners for Trade & PlantationsContributor Names: Mitchell, John, 1711-1768 Created Published London Printed for Jefferys and Faden, geographers to the King in 1775.

  23. New Hampshire Massachusetts Bay Rhode Island Connecticut New York New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia

  24. Knowledge Check Chapter 5 Lesson 4 1. Which colonial region enjoyed the warmest and longest growing season? Southern (Colonies) 2. Roger Williams established which New England colony? Rhode Island 3. Which colony did the English capture from the Dutch? New Amsterdam or New Netherland 4. King George gave James Oglethorpe a charter to found the colony of Georgia 5. In which colonial region would you find examples of dissenters? New England (Colonies)

  25. Middle Rhode Island Quaker Southern Philadelphia

  26. Colonial Characteristics:Using advertisements to draw conclusions about early colonial America…

  27. STRAYED - A Small Red Cow. "Whoever Will Give Information Will Be Suitably Rewarded." Boston, January 1792. Dwelling House For Sale. Includes "A Store, A Good Barn and Four Acres of Land" Hartford, Connecticut, November 1787. FOR SALE. New Garden Seeds. "To Be Sold Cheap." Boston, January 1792. 1775

  28. Democracy in Early America? • What are the requirements to vote in 2010? • United States citizen • 18 years of age or older • Length of residency varies per state • What were the requirements to vote in early colonial America? • Varied per region and based on traditional English patterns but typically: • white male property owners ( although property requirements varied from city and town dwellers) • Sometimes paying taxes also qualified a person (South Carolina) • royal declaration and by appointed officers (southern) • some residency requirements

  29. Expressions of Democracy • On the right side, draw a physical image of a typical voter in early colonial America • Think of the words to describe the typical voters in early colonial America and write these in the available white space. • On the left side, write your name on the blank and draw physical features of yourself in 2018 or voting age of 18. • Think of words that are characteristics (physical or intellectual) of yourself and write these in the available white space. HIGHLIGHT any words that you have in common!! Sir William Blackstone notes, “The true reason of requiring any qualifications, with regard to property, in voters, is to exclude such persons as are in so mean a situation that they are esteemed to have no will of their own” (Keyssar, 2009, p. 8).

  30. Colonial Circle Books:1. Cut out each circle separately.2. Label the next available page in your notebook with the following headings. Use one circle to measure/space accordingly. 3. Fold each circle in half vertically. Make 4 piles (one NE, one Middle, one Southern) in each pile.4. Glue the RIGHT half of NE to the LEFT half of Middle. Glue the RIGHT half of Middle to the LEFT half of Southern. Glue the remaining halves down to your notebook page according to the image. 5. Copy notes for each region on the correct page per category for each region (see remaining slides in PPT) Geographic Economic Education Political

  31. New England Colonies Geographical: • Mountainous; rugged coastline with bays; rocky soil, large trees, cold snowy winters, short summer Educational: • First public schools started in 1647 in MA.; they then started in other NE colonies Economical: • Many trees for shipbuilding; ports and harbors for fishing, trading, and whaling; farming difficult, wildlife provided furs Political: • White property owning men met at town meetings to pass laws; most direct form of democracy in colonies

  32. Middle Colonies Geographical • Harbors, bays, rivers; rich soil, plains, mountains, hills, moderate climate Educational: • No public schools; most children educated at home or schools run by churches Economical: • Many farms, especially for grain, mills and ironworks; ports for fishing and trade Political: • White male property owners elected assemblies; assemblies passed laws and voted on taxes

  33. Southern Colonies Geographical: • Curving coastline with bays/harbors; coastal plains and piedmonts; hot, humid summers; long growing season; high precipitation Educational: • No public schools; few private schools, tutors taught white children on plantations; slave children forbidden to learn; parents taught children in back country Economical: • Large plantations and small farms; tobacco, rice, indigo, cotton; slaves did most of the work Political: • King appointed governors; limited voting from white male property owners