THE GATS & ELECTRONIC COMMERCE. Lee Tuthill Trade in Services Division WTO, Geneva www.wto.org. Common to all Short text of Articles - the “Framework” Sectoral and other Annexes. Individual Schedules of Commitments MFN Exemptions (only at outset & if needed). What is GATS?.
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Trade in Services Division
Source: ITU World Telecommunication Indicators Database
Source:E-Commerce - beyond 2000 , Australian National Office for the Information Economy, 1999
If GATS makes no distinction between the different technologies to supply services:
Traditional approaches to licensing, technical standards, and qualification requirements may need to be adapted to facilitate E-commerce
Such regulations, not formally considered trade barriers, are subject to a work program to help ensure that they do not hamper trade
The exceptions touch on many important E-commerce legal issues
GATS (& GATT) cannot override policies to:
But, the Exceptions must:
Top sectors are e-commerce “leaders”
(by number of countries)
Business cost of a
travel reservation (US$)
Source: Andersen consulting (1998)
transactionOn-line financial services?
Business cost of a brokerage
Source: Andersen Consulting
To send a 42 page document --
What would you choose?
Cost (US$) Time
Air Mail 7.40 5 days
Courier 26.25 24 hours
Fax 28.83 31 minutes
Internet e-mail 0.095 2 minutes
Source: Northern River Venture cited in ITU Challenges to the Network 1997
go on line?
(by number of governments)
(By number of governments)
70% or more of industrialized country Members commit to barrier-free access to their markets for cross border supply of:
“...electronic commerce creates new challenges and opportunities for trade for Members at all stages of development, and we recognize the importance of creating and maintaining an environment which is favourable to the future development of electronic commerce.”
“We agree ...
“… to maintain our current practice of not imposing customs duties on electronic transmissions ...