The Decline of the Qing Dynasty 19 th century. Chapter 22.1. Causes of Decline. Internal. External. Land used to grow opium. British Opium Trade. Peasant Unrest, corruption . high population, Food Shortages . The Decline of the Qing Dynasty. The Opium Wars. Tai Ping Rebellion.
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Land used to grow opium
British Opium Trade
Peasant Unrest, corruption
Food ShortagesThe Decline of the Qing Dynasty
The Opium Wars
Tai Ping Rebellion
Growing Influence of Imperialists
Opposition of conservatives to One Hundred Days of Rebellion
War with Japan
drug – Opium.
asked England to quit based
on morale issues –
but Britain refusedThe Opium Trade
Silver was flowing out of China into England’s hands with the trade of Opium
An area where foreign governments have exclusive trading rights and use of ports but do not have administrative control. By the end of the 19th century, large parts of China were claimed as spheres of influence by European countries, Russia, and Japan. Notably the United States did not claim a sphere of influence in China.
China could not deal with Tai Ping internal revolt because they were also dealing with outside forces
1870 – China depends on regional warlords to help them restore order
Warlords trade directly with foreign nations as well as give exclusive railroad and mining privileges
launches massive reforms
1899 - John Hay, secretary of state of U.S. presents a proposal that ensures equal access to the Chinese market for all nations and preserves the unity of the Chinese Empire
Boxer – name given to members of a secret organization – Society of Harmonious Fists
Two months later, an allied army consisting of 20,000 British, French, German, Russian, American and Japanese troops seize Beijing.