The Ming Dynasty1368 - 1644 Marissa Gray Pd. 2
In 1368, Zhu Yuanzhang drove the Mongols from South Asia and captured Beijing. • With the decline of the previous dynasty, the Yuan Dynasty, Yuanzhang claimed the Mandate of Heaven.
Leaders • Zhu Yuanzhang – called himself the Ming Hung Wu, set up the Ming Dynasty, first ruler
Leaders cont. • Ming emperors wanted the greatness of the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907 A.D.) and the Song Dynasty (960 – 1279 A.D.) restored in this time period.
Achievements • Confucian teachings were revisited from previous periods. • The civil service expanded. • Many famous artists became known: Ni Zan, Shen Zhou, Tang Yin, Wen Zhengming, Qiu Ying and Dong Qichang • Literary achievement also prospered. • Modernized and expanded The Great Wall.
Wen Zheng-ming Ni Zan Dong Qichang
Events • Several huge fleets explored Southeast Asia, India, and the coast of East Africa to renew trading ties and regain Chinese authority at sea. • But soon after, the fleets stopped sailing, which is unexplainable by historians.
Contact with other cultures • Contact was cut off with the world. • Chinese citizens were not approved to travel abroad and foreigners could not come in. • This separation occurred when new technologies were created and new lands discovered by Europe. • As Europe became more advanced, the Chinese were falling.