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PEACE LABORATORIES IN COLOMBIA March 2006. EU COUNCIL DECLARATIONS ON COLOMBIA.

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EU COUNCIL DECLARATIONS ON COLOMBIA

“The Council underlines the “EU’s objective to continue to cooperate closely with LA to promote our common values and interests, and to contribute jointly to peace and security, protection and promotion of Human Rights and the strengthening of citizens’ participation and democracy, social cohesion, sustainable development including the protection of environment and …..

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EU COUNCIL DECLARATIONS ON COLOMBIA

  • 10.12.2002 / 26.01.2004 / 06.2004 / 03.10.2005:
  • Support to a negotiated solutionto the armed conflict in Colombia, including through direct engagement with those illegal armed groups prepared to negotiate a peace agreement.
  • Readiness to assist the Colombian Government and Civil Society in providing support for:
  • - Communities affected by the internal conflict
  • - Victims groups
  • - Local reconciliation activities
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COUNCIL DECLARATIONS ON COLOMBIA

  • 09.02.2004: Meeting of President Uribe with the General Secretary of the Council, Mr. Javier Solana
  • The European Union supports the efforts made by the Colombian Government to bring security to the whole country.
  • A comprehensive peace strategy is essential to reach a negotiated solution to the internal armed conflict in line with international law and human rights protection.
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THE EUROPEAN CONSENSUS ON DEVELOPMENT

  • COMMON VALUES
  • EU partnership and dialogue with third countries will promote common values of:
    • Respect for human rights
    • Fundamental freedoms
    • Peace
    • Democracy
    • Good governance
    • Gender equality
    • Rule of law
    • Solidarity
    • Justice
    • MULTILATERALISM WITH SHARE RESPONSIBILITY FOR DEVELOPMENT
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THE EUROPEAN CONSENSUS ON DEVELOPMENT

  • The EU will strengthen its efforts in conflict prevention work and will support the prevention of state fragility through governance reforms, rule of law, anti-corruption measures and the building of viable state institutions in order to help them fulfil a range of basic functions and meet the needs of their citizens.
  • The EU will promote linkages between emergency aid, rehabilitation and long-term development
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THE EUROPEAN CONSENSUS ON DEVELOPMENT

  • 37. Insecurity and violent conflicts are amongst the biggest obstacles to achieving the MDGs. Security and Development are important and complementary aspects of EU relations with third countries.
  • Without peace and security, development and poverty eradication are not possible, and without development and poverty eradication, no sustainable peace will occur.
  • 90. It will maintain its support to conflict prevention and resolution and to peace building by addressing the root-causes of violent conflict, including poverty, degradation, exploitation and unequal distribution and access to land and natural resources, weak governance, human rights abuses and gender inequality. It will also promote dialogue, participation and reconciliation with a view to promoting peace and preventing outbreaks of violence.
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The EU in Colombia

COUNTRY STRATEGY PAPER (2002-2006)

“The EC’s main objective is to support Colombia’s search for peace. In this area, fithting against the main root-causes of the conflict such as marginality, inequality, social exclusion and exterme poverty are a priority”

RESPONSE OF THE EC

  • The support to on-going Colombian activities in the search for Peace.
  • Targeting of the roots and causes of the conflict.
  • Providing humanitarian assistance to the victims of the conflict.
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EC COOPERATION IN COLOMBIA

The CE in Colombia

  • Cooperation 2002-2006: more than M€ 230
  • Portfolio 2006: M€ 148
  • Budget Lines in the country: 9
  • Number of projects: 94
  • Number of direct executors: 91
  • Strategic Sectors: 9

Local Projects: 84 amounting M€ 118,9 M (80,4%)

  • Number of departments: 24 /32
  • Number of municipalities: 300
ec cooperation in colombia

REHABILITATION AND RESTABLISHMENT

M € 24.2

EMREGENCY AND POST EMERG

M € 11,5

EC COOPERATION IN COLOMBIA

EC COOPERATION IN COLOMBIA

PEACE SECTOR

RYR + EYP

PEACE

M € 68,9

displacement
Displacement

National Government:

1. Sentence T-025 (7 feb./2004): Reiterates that the State has not accomplished with its legal obligations of taking care of the rights of the displaced populations (Law 387/99).

2. Decree 250 (7 feb./2005): The Government establishes a guarantee framework for the adoption of the National Plan for the Integral Attention to Displaced population.

3. The “Acción Social” announces $ 5.1 billon to cover the Plan in 2006. That would be, an increase of 800% of the resources for this objective.

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NATIONAL PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT

2002-2006

“Towards a Communitarian State”

The Plan outlines the construction of a Participative State that involves the populationin the completion of the social purpose; a managerial State that invests with effectiveness and austerity the public resources; and a decentralised State that privileges the regional autonomy with transparency. The social equity in the depressed areas will be promoted, through the promotion and support of the Regional Development and Peace Programs – PDPs.

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DOCUMENT CONPES NO. 3395

  • 17.11.2005
  • Strategic importance of the Peace Laboratories in Colombia, developed with the non-reimbursable financial cooperation of the EC.
  • Request to Acción Social, DNP and Finance Minister, to progress on the necessary procedures to ensure the remittance of the necessary for the Financing Agreements signed by the Colombian Government for the Peace Laboratories.
peace laboratories
PEACE LABORATORIES
  • Promote forms and experiences of regional development, civil resistance to the actors of the armed conflict and dialogue for peace promotion, where the PDPs are strategic partners.
  • These must:
  • Indicate ways to face the socio-economic causes of the conflict through the articulation of movements that arise from the population,
  • Allow the reconstruction or the social tissue in the regions
  • Support the re-appropriation of what is public by the civil society
peace laboratories16
PEACE LABORATORIES
  • The Peace Laboratories are created as an answer to three fundamental problems:

The high indices of violence on all levels, disrespect of human rights, which prevent the achievement of a life with dignity in a peaceful coexistence.

A weak governability due to the absence of the State as regulator and articulator of what is public, as well as a fragmented civil society.

An excluding and non sustainable socio-economic development which continues to generate poverty and violence.

peace laboratories17
PEACE LABORATORIES

Instrument of support to local and regional dynamics

Peace Lab

=

Social processes of participation and institutional strengthening

Implementation of projects and programs that arise from the base of communities as an answer to the armed conflict.

Political, cultural, social and economic transformations.

Collective construction of lasting peace conditions, based on a life with dignity.

peace laboratories18
PEACE LABORATORIES
  • Projects are designed to solve expressions of the structural conflict.
  • PL gives priority to an expression of the problem and starts a sustainable strategy in order to surpass there, in that concrete case, the conflict.
  • PL acts in each case with a partial response to the violent armed conflict in the regions, as the total response to the Colombian conflict cannot be given at once, and it is in the regions where the perverse dynamics of exclusion, poverty and systematic violations to the citizens’ rights are suffered.
  • It is possible to produce a dynamic accumulation of sustainable processes, from concrete solutions, with compromised actors in a local and regional process that shows a way towards the structural causes of the Colombian conflict.
peace laboratories19
PEACE LABORATORIES
  • PL acts on the assumption that it is possible and necessary to produce evident, pedagogic, interconnected and cumulative solutions to the conflict in the regions.
  • It is not convenient to wait for the conclusion of the peace negotiations between the government and the illegal armed groups to put into operation these solutions
  • Projects are implemented in a conflict that will continue until it is achieved a sufficient accumulation of evidences and convictions that conduct the nation to take the step that finishes with the internal armed conflict.
  • PL is based on the conviction that is indispensable to show with facts that today it is possible to produce sustainable solutions
  • those solutions already trace the reconciliation route in the negotiations and future peace pacts at national level.
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2002-2006

Signature of FC

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Results of the Peace Laboratory in MM as of 2005

  • Health posts: 2 new, 15 enlargements; 6 equipped
  • 50 sewage system, aqueducts and water treatments
  • Schools: 121 new constructions, 15 enlargements and 9 equipped.
  • Other social infrastructures: 11 new, 5 enlargements and 7 equipped.
  • Development of commercial products: banana, yucca, cacao, rubber, aromatic herbs, lulo, blackberry, sugar cane, citric fruits, wood, beans, coffee, buffalos and micro-cattle ranches, African palm.
  • Production of brick with 140 thousand monthly units and 55 jobs; drying wood plant; several micro and small businesses.
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Results of the Peace Laboratory

in MM as of 2005

  • Young people and women network
  • Participative formulation of 16 Development Plans and territorial councils.
  • Strengthening of the network of 12 community broadcasters.
  • Educative “ciudadela” and basic integral schools (BIS)
  • Sexual and reproductive health, with equipments for 35 hospitals and specialized personnel.
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Results of the II Peace Laboratory as of 2005

  • 39 projects for more than 12 M€ of European resources already contracted.
  • Socialisation with 900 public and private institutions.
  • 20% human rights, 20% good governance, 60% development
  • 3 municipalities per project, as minimum: all the 62 municipalities with interventions from the Peace Lab. (Min 3, max 10 projects per municipality)
  • Direct participation of 326 community and public organisations and private institutions.
  • More than 3 M€ of local and regional financial counterpart
peace laboratories impacts and experiences
PEACE LABORATORIESImpacts and experiences
  • Strengthening of the organised civil society
  • Empowerment of the communities
  • Make it easier the conciliatory processes
  • Democratic processes of decision
  • Root to the land
  • Participation and increasing commitment of the Colombian government
peace laboratories learned lessons
PEACE LABORATORIESLearned Lessons
  • Difficulty in attracting investment and public local and regional participation, even arriving to the substitution and to a parallel state.
  • Slow answer of the government management and need to also decentralise the administration of the actions.
  • Productive processes with weaknesses of insertion in the local, national and international economy.
  • The political impact of the supported initiatives must be regularly evaluated.
  • Public policies in the Peace and Local Development subjects, weak or nonexistent.
  • The incipient state of the PDPs, in capacity and absorption, as well as the complexity of the procedures cause slowness in implementation.
  • Improve co-ordination of policies, criteria and procedures between the Peace Laboratories and the “Program of Peace and Development” of the World Bank.
origin
Origin

III Laboratorio de Paz

  • Experience needed to feed the peace processes on a local level (Third generation Laboratory)
  • CSP 2002-2006: 24.2 M€ from the reserve fund
  • Thematic block “Development and Peace” of the Government strategy for international cooperation – Cartagena
  • Complementarity with the action of the Member States and UNDP
  • Tendency to Sectorial and Budgetary Cooperation
methodology for the selection of meta and montes de mar a

Montes de María

Meta

Methodology for the selection of Meta and Montes de María

Geographic Component

  • Comparative study of 9 PDPs.
  • Working meeting with Acción Social, DNP, PRODEPAZ, World Bank, UNDP.
  • Working meeting with Member States
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III Peace Laboratory

General Objective:

Collectively built the conditions for a lasting peace and a peaceful coexistence, with the creation of conditions for more licit economic opportunities and social security for all the inhabitants.

Specific Objective:

Establish the initiatives of peace and “Alternative” local development, as a contribution to the construction of a transparent and efficient rule of law, promoting a lower level of illicit production and drug trafficking, plus a reduction in conflict and violence and an increase in reconciliation.

components
Components

III Peace Laboratory

  • Continue to support the PDPs, which have demonstrated impact on violence, conflicts and exclusion; in particular, we will work from this geographiccomponent in Montes de María and Meta department.
  • Extend the support to other initiatives that have a significant element of peace, creating a Thematic Component, focused to the most vulnerable groups: women, young people and ethnic groups.
  • As a synthesis of both previous components, and the interventions made in the first and second Peace Laboratories, support the formulation of a public policy of peace and development, in the framework of the Constitution.
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III Peace Laboratory

Expected Results

Geographic Component (Montes de María and Meta)

i). Peace and Human Rights: The strengthened and organised civil society constructs spaces and instruments for the respect and validity of human rights and peaceful coexistence with the institutional support.

ii). Participative good governance: The strengthening of the institutions and the democratic governance with citizens participation.

iii). Sustainable Integral Development: a sustainable socio-economic development that improves the living conditions or the poorest population, in harmony with the environment.

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Foreseen Results

Thematic Component:

iv). Ethnic Groups: Forms of government, autonomies and cultures of strengthened ethnic groups, in order to face their vulnerability in front of the risks associated with conflict and increase their capability of participation on the different territorial levels from their plans of life.

v). Women, young people: Strengthened organisations which guarantee their participation, articulation and interlocution and by this, guarantee their rights.

It is a politic declaration from the EC and the Colombian Government of backing to these groups and networks of civil society and of rejection to all forms of violence against them.

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Foreseen Results

Political Component:

Identification and construction of public Development and Peace policies with national, regional and local character, in order to attend the local causes of violence and violations of human rights.

budget
Budget

(*) Includes TA services, studies, etc.